Biology Concepts And Investigations 2 nd Edition By Hoefnagels -Test Bank A+

$35.00
Biology Concepts And Investigations 2 nd Edition By Hoefnagels -Test Bank A+

Biology Concepts And Investigations 2 nd Edition By Hoefnagels -Test Bank A+

$35.00
Biology Concepts And Investigations 2 nd Edition By Hoefnagels -Test Bank A+

Net O2 consumers and CO2 producers

B.Net O2 producers and CO2 consumers

C.Net O2 and CO2 producers

D.Net O2 and CO2 consumers

2.Animals are:

A.Net O2 producers and CO2 consumers

B.Net O2 and CO2 producers

C.Net O2 consumers and CO2 producers

D.Net O2 and CO2 consumers

3.In animal cells the primary organelle that generates molecules of ATP is the:

A.Ribosome

B.Lysosome

C.Golgi body

D.None of these are correct

E.Mitochondrion

4.The main reason that cellular respiration needs to occur step by step is because:

A.Cells don’t store enough oxygen

B.Cells don’t have many mitochondria

C.Glucose breaks down slowly inside a cell

D.Too much energy would be released for the cell to harness

E.Cells produce the enzymes needed for cellular respiration very slowly

5.The chemical formula for glucose is:

A.C6H12O6

B.C12H6O12

C.C6H6O12

D.C12H12O6

E.All are correct

6.During glycolysis molecules of glucose are:

A.Broken down into three molecules of pyruvate

B.Put together to form two molecules of pyruvate

C.Put together to form three molecules of pyruvate

D.Broken down to form two molecules of pyruvate

E.Broken down and the carbon atoms liberated as CO2

7.Glycolysis of a glucose molecule:

A.Produces a net gain of two molecules of ATP

B.Occurs only in animal cells

C.Transfers electrons from glucose to FAD

D.Occurs only in microorganisms

E.Occurs in mitochondria

8.The three main biochemical pathways of cellular respiration are:

A.Glycolysis, light reactions, and Calvin cycle

B.Calvin cycle, Kreb’s cycle, and light reactions

C.Kreb’s cycle, Calvin cycle, and electron transport

D.Glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport

E.Light reactions, carbon reactions, and electron transport

9.The electrons that are transferred during cellular respiration are carried in the molecules:

A.NADP and FADH2

B.NADH and FADH2

C.NADH and NADP

D.NADH2 and Glucose

E.NADP and Glucose

10.Glycolysis occurs in the:

A.Cytoplasm

B.Mitochondria

C.Lysosome

D.Nucleus

E.Cell membrane

11.The Kreb’s cycle occurs in the:

A.Lysosome

B.Nucleus

C.Cytoplasm

D.Mitochondria

E.Ribosome

12.The electron transport system occurs in the:

A.Lysosome.

B.Nucleus.

C.Cytoplasm.

D.Ribosome.

E.Mitochondria.

13.The “spent” electrons from electron transport in aerobic respiration are transferred to:

A.Oxygen

B.Nitrogen

C.Hydrogen

D.Sulfur

E.Carbon dioxide

14.The enzyme that forms a channel in the inner membrane of the mitochondria and phosphorylates ADP is:

A.ATP Synthase

B.NADH Synthase

C.FADH2 Synthase

D.ADP Synthase

E.None of these are correct

15.The products of cellular respiration are:

A.Carbon dioxide, glucose, and water

B.Glucose, water, and ATP

C.Glucose, carbon dioxide, and ATP

D.Oxygen, ATP, and water

E.Carbon dioxide, water, and ATP

16.The reactants for cellular respiration are:

A.Glucose and ATP

B.Water and ATP

C.Oxygen and ATP

D.Glucose and oxygen

E.Carbon dioxide and glucose

17.Anaerobic respiration is most common in:

A.Microorganisms

B.Plants

C.Animals

D.Fungi

18.Fermentation is most common in:

A.Plants

B.Animals

C.Fungi

D.Microorganisms

19.In prokaryotic cells, cellular respiration occurs in the:

A.Mitochondria

B.Cytoplasm and the cell’s outer membrane

C.Cell’s outer membrane

D.Mitochondria and cytoplasm

E.Cytoplasm

20.The area enclosed by the highly folded inner mitochondrial membrane is the:

A.Cytoplasm

B.Nucleus

C.Outer membrane

D.Both cytoplasm and nucleus are correct

E.Matrix

21.In eukaryotic cells NADH and FADH2 are transported along electron carriers of the:

A.Inner mitochondrial membrane

B.Matrix

C.Outer mitochondrial membrane

D.Cell membrane

E.Cytoplasm

22.Glycolysis does not require:

A.ATP

B.Glucose

C.Enzymes

D.NAD

E.Oxygen

23.During glycolysis, to “activate” glucose ________ molecules of ____________ are required.

A.Three, NAD

B.Two, ATP

C.Two, FAD

D.Three, ADP

E.Three, ATP

24.In glycolysis the net number of NADH produced is:

A.0

B.3

C.2

D.4

E.30

25.If a high-energy “donor” molecule physically transfers a phosphate group to ADP, this is called:

A.Photosynthesis

B.Oxidative phosphorylation

C.Substrate-level phosphorylation

D.Electron transport

E.Glycolysis

26.The net ATP production in glycolysis is only two because:

A.Two molecules of ATP are needed to “activate” glucose

B.Two molecules of ATP are used to move NADH into the mitochondria

C.That is all the ATP produced during glycolysis

D.ATP production cannot exceed NADH production

E.Glycolysis may occur without oxygen being present

27.Only a small amount of ATP is produced during glycolysis because most of the energy stored in a glucose molecule remains in the bonds of:

A.Carbon dioxide

B.NADH

C.PGAL

D.Pyruvate

E.None of these are correct

28.The compound that enters the Kreb’s cycle is:

A.ATP

B.Pyruvate

C.PGAL

D.ATP Synthase

E.Acetyl CoA

29.The sole source of ATP production in cells using fermentation only is:

A.Glycolysis

B.Kreb’s cycle

C.Photosynthesis

D.Electron transport

E.The Calvin cycle

30.The Kreb’s cycle produces __________ and ____________.

A.Carbon dioxide, oxygen

B.Oxygen, ATP

C.ATP, electron carriers

D.Electron carriers, oxygen

E.Pyruvate, PGAL

31.The molecule in the Krebs cycle that acetyl CoA combines with is:

A.Pyruvate

B.Oxygen

C.Oxaloacetate

D.NADH

E.A cytochrome

32.Since the Kreb’s cycle is a cyclic pathway the original acceptor needed to start the Kreb’s cycle and the end product of the Kreb’s cycle are:

A.Enzymes

B.Different molecules

C.ATP molecules

D.The same molecule

E.NADH and FADH2 respectively

33.Glycolysis and the Kreb’s cycle do not capture all of the energy in a glucose molecule because:

A.ATP easily vaporizes

B.Energy cannot be created or destroyed

C.Some glucose is not broken down

D.Some energy is always lost as heat during chemical reactions

E.Some energy remains in the atoms

34.Another function of the Kreb’s cycle other than to continue the breakdown of glucose is to:

A.Manufacture fats and amino acids

B.Manufacture fats

C.Manufacture amino acids and provide oxygen to cells

D.Manufacture amino acids

E.Provide oxygen to cells

35.The electron transport chain produces a/an _____________ gradient.

A.Electron

B.ATP

C.NADH

D.Oxygen

E.Proton

36.An example of a poison that kills by interfering with ATP production is:

A.Arsenic

B.Carbon monoxide

C.All are correct

D.Cyanide

E.Rotenone

37.The approximate maximum net ATP yield from a molecule of glucose is about __ ATP molecules.

A.2

B.30

C.4

D.15

E.42

38.Muscle cells use lactic acid fermentation to:

A.Generate NAD+ so that glycolysis can continue in the absence of oxygen

B.Produce ATP in the presence of oxygen

C.Produce more ATP than in respiration

D.Allow an animal to survive for long periods of time in the absence of oxygen

E.Produce less CO2

39.Alcoholic fermentation:

A.Is carried out by yeasts

B.Produces far less ATP than aerobic respiration

C.Produces ethanol

D.All are correct

E.Produces carbon dioxide

40.The most ancient of the energy pathways is probably:

A.Aerobic respiration

B.Calvin cycle

C.Photosynthesis

D.Kreb’s cycle

E.Glycolysis

41.If you measure the air a person inhales you observe that the concentrations ______ in the air they exhale.

A.of O2 rises and CO2 falls

B.of O2 falls and CO2 rises

C.of both O2 and CO2 rise

D.of both O2 and CO2 fall

42.If a person is burning only glucose what will be the ratio of oxygen consumed to carbon dioxide produced?

A.1:1

B.1:2

C.2:1

D.6:1

E.1:6

43.In glycolysis and the Krebs cycle electrons are removed from glucose and taken up by molecules like NAD+. In such a reaction, glucose is being _____ and NAD+ is being ____.

A.Reduced, oxidized

B.Oxidized, reduced

C.Phosphorylated, oxidized

D.Phosphorylated, reduced

E.Reduced, phosphorylated

44.Mitochondria have two membranes. How is this important in the function of mitochondria?

A.Glycolysis occurs in the membranes

B.Protons are pumped into the space between the membranes

C.Oxygen is transported across the membranes

D.Without two membranes the mitochondria may rupture due to osmosis

E.The Krebs cycle enzymes are found on the outer mitochondrial membrane

45.How can glycolysis produce ATP in the absence of oxygen?

A.All are correct

B.By ATPase linked to the mitochondrial electron transport chain

C.By attaching a phosphate ion to ADP

D.By exciting electrons using photons of light

E.By substrate level phosphorylation

46.The first steps in glycolysis involve:

A.Lysing glucose into two 3C molecules

B.Reducing glucose

C.Adding two phosphates from ATP to glucose

D.Generation of ATP

E.Donation of electrons from NADH to an electron transporter

47.When NAD+ picks up two electrons from a reaction in the Krebs cycle to form NADH, the NAD+ is being:

A.Oxidized

B.Phosphorylated

C.Reduced

D.Hydrolyzed

E.Lysed

48.The smallest molecule in the Krebs cycle contains ____ carbon atoms.

A.4

B.1

C.3

D.5

E.6

49.The largest molecule in the Krebs cycle contains ____ carbon atoms.

A.1

B.3

C.5

D.4

E.6

50.What first happens to the carbon atoms that enter the Krebs cycle as acetyl CoA?

A.They are reduced to form carbon dioxide

B.They combine with a 4-carbon sugar to form a 6-carbon sugar

C.Two acetyl CoA molecules join together to form a 6-carbon sugar

D.They combine with pyruvate to form a 4-carbon sugar

E.They are activated with a phosphate from ATP

51.What is the role of oxygen in respiration?

A.It is formed from the oxidation of water at the beginning of the electron transport chain

B.It flows through the electron transport chain, losing energy as it goes

C.It is reduced at the end of the electron transport chain, forming water

D.It is necessary to obtain any ATP from glucose

E.It flows down its concentration gradient through an ATPase to produce ATP

52.Molecules called uncouplers allow protons to cross the inner mitochondrial membrane. What effect would this have on ATP production in the mitochondria?

A.Reduction, because electrons would not be able to move through the electron transport chain

B.Reduction, because protons would not be available to pass through the ATPase

C.No effect, because protons cross the outer mitochondrial membrane to produce ATP

D.Increase, because this would spontaneously establish a proton gradient

E.Increase, because this would make more oxygen available in the mitochondrial matrix

53.Cyanide and carbon monoxide block the final step in the electron transport chain. What effect would this have on ATP production in the mitochondria?

A.Reduction, because protons would not be able to move across the inner mitochondrial membrane

B.No effect, because protons cross the outer mitochondrial membrane to produce ATP

C.Reduction, because electrons would not be able to move through the electron transport chain

D.Increase, because this would spontaneously establish a proton gradient

E.Increase, because this would make more oxygen available in the mitochondrial matrix

54.A cell produces approximately 30 ATP per glucose, however, if you calculated the total energy in a glucose molecule, 90 ATP should be generated. What is the best explanation for this difference?

A.Some of the energy is destroyed

B.Scientists have not figured out where the rest of the energy goes

C.ATP has more energy than originally thought

D.Some of the energy is used to do work in the cell

E.Some energy is lost as heat

55.The reactions in glycolysis are reversible, however, the conversion of pyruvate into acetyl CoA is irreversible in animal cells. Can fatty acids be converted back into carbohydrates?

A.No, because they enter metabolism as pyruvate

B.Yes, because they enter metabolism as acetyl CoA

C.No, because they enter metabolism as acetyl CoA

D.Yes, because they enter metabolism as pyruvate

E.Yes, because they enter metabolism in the Krebs cycle

56.Which of the following could be electron acceptors in anaerobic respiration?

A.Nitrate or oxygen

B.Sulfate or oxygen

C.Lactic acid

D.Nitrate or sulfate

E.All are correct

57.During fermentation yeast produce ethanol, a toxic waste product. Why would yeast produce something that is toxic to themselves?

A.To produce NADH for energy

B.To regenerate NAD+ in order to continue glycolysis

C.To use up excess pyruvate in order to continue glycolysis

D.To conserve oxygen for other reactions

E.To avoid the production of lactic acid

58.During fermentation ___ ATP can be produced per glucose, compared with ____ by aerobic respiration.

A.30, 2

B.6, 30

C.2, 30

D.30, 6

E.2, 6

59.If you put a plant in a chamber and shine a light on it, the concentrations ______.

A.of O2 will rise and CO2 will fall

B.of O2 will fall and CO2 will rise

C.of both O2 and CO2 will rise

D.of both O2 and CO2 will fall

60.If you put a plant in a chamber and place it in the dark, the concentrations ______.

A.of O2 will fall and CO2 will rise

B.of O2 will rise and CO2 will fall

C.of both O2 and CO2 will rise

D.of both O2 and CO2 will fall

61.Most plants are:

A.Autotrophic endotherms

B.Autotrophic ecotherms

C.Heterotrophic ectotherms

D.Heterotrophic endotherms

62.Philodendron flowers pass electrons through an electron transport chain to generate heat. What is the source of these electrons?

A.Water

B.Oxygen

C.ATP

D.Sunlight

E.NADH and FADH2

63.Philodendron flowers pass electrons through a mitochondrial electron transport chain to generate heat. What step is bypassed in generating heat?

A.Formation of a proton gradient

B.Transfer of electrons to oxygen

C.Donation of electrons to the electron transport chain

D.Excitation of electrons by sunlight

E.Release of electrons from water

64.What hypothesis were the scientists testing?

A.Does generating heat increase the metabolism of Philodendron?

B.Does generating heat decrease the metabolism of Philodendron?

C.Is heat being used by Philodendron to attract pollinators?

D.Is heat being used by Philodendron increase the rate of pollen production?

E.Does heat increase the rate of photosynthesis by Philodendron?

65.The rate of carbon dioxide production by Cyclocephala colasi beetles was used to measure their:

A.Ability to pollinate flowers

B.Rate of photosynthesis

C.Body temperature

D.Level of activity

E.Rate of respiration

66.What is the dependent variable in figure 6.14?

A.Temperature

B.Rate of oxygen production

C.Amount of pollen collected

D.Rate of carbon dioxide production

E.Glucose production

67.What is the independent variable in figure 6.14?

A.Temperature

B.Rate of carbon dioxide production

C.Rate of oxygen production

D.Amount of pollen collected

E.Glucose production

68.What did the scientists conclude from figure 6.14?

A.That at higher temperatures resting beetles saved energy

B.That at higher temperatures active beetles saved energy

C.That at lower temperatures active beetles saved energy

D.That at lower temperatures resting beetles saved energy

E.That generating heat led to increased pollination of Philodendron flowers by beetles

69.Philodendron flowers have to use a lot of energy to attract beetles as pollinators. This is similar to the energy used to produce ____ by many other flowering plants to attract pollinators.

A.Pollen

B.Seeds

C.Spores

D.Nectar

E.Leaves

70.Cells from a Philodendron flower have which of the following?

A.All are correct

B.Mitochondria

C.Chloroplasts

D.A nucleus

E.A cell wall

True / False Questions

71.Cellular respiration includes glycolysis, the Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport.

True False

72.Cellular respiration includes only the Kreb’s cycle and electron transport.

True False

73.In Eukaryotic cells the electron transport system occurs in the mitochondria.

True False

74.In prokaryotic cells the electron transport system occurs in the mitochondria.

True False

75.Fermentation is a more efficient form of energy production than aerobic respiration.

True False

76.NADH is the only electron carrier produced during aerobic respiration.

True False

77.Oxidative phosphorylation occurs when protons pass through ATP synthase and combine with oxygen to make water.

True False

78.Substrate phosphorylation occurs when protons pass through ATP synthase and combine with oxygen to make water.

True False

79.Substrate phosphorylation occurs when a high energy “donor” molecule physically transfers a phosphate group to ADP.

True False

80.The electron transport chain extracts most of the potential energy in NADH by removing the energy from its electrons in a single step.

True False

81.According to the first law of thermodynamics some energy is lost as heat during energy transfers.

True False

82.Anaerobic respiration uses oxygen as its final electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain.

True False

83.Anaerobic respiration uses an inorganic molecule other than O2 as the electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain.

True False

84.Aerobic respiration uses oxygen as its final electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain.

True False

Chapter 006 – How Cells Release Energy Key
Multiple Choice Questions

1.Plants are:

A.Net O2 consumers and CO2 producers

B.Net O2 producers and CO2 consumers

C.Net O2 and CO2 producers

D.Net O2 and CO2 consumers

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
SECTION: 06.09
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

2.Animals are:

A.Net O2 producers and CO2 consumers

B.Net O2 and CO2 producers

C.Net O2 consumers and CO2 producers

D.Net O2 and CO2 consumers

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
SECTION: 06.09
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

3.In animal cells the primary organelle that generates molecules of ATP is the:

A.Ribosome

B.Lysosome

C.Golgi body

D.None of these are correct

E.Mitochondrion

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

4.The main reason that cellular respiration needs to occur step by step is because:

A.Cells don’t store enough oxygen

B.Cells don’t have many mitochondria

C.Glucose breaks down slowly inside a cell

D.Too much energy would be released for the cell to harness

E.Cells produce the enzymes needed for cellular respiration very slowly

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

5.The chemical formula for glucose is:

A.C6H12O6

B.C12H6O12

C.C6H6O12

D.C12H12O6

E.All are correct

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

6.During glycolysis molecules of glucose are:

A.Broken down into three molecules of pyruvate

B.Put together to form two molecules of pyruvate

C.Put together to form three molecules of pyruvate

D.Broken down to form two molecules of pyruvate

E.Broken down and the carbon atoms liberated as CO2

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

7.Glycolysis of a glucose molecule:

A.Produces a net gain of two molecules of ATP

B.Occurs only in animal cells

C.Transfers electrons from glucose to FAD

D.Occurs only in microorganisms

E.Occurs in mitochondria

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

8.The three main biochemical pathways of cellular respiration are:

A.Glycolysis, light reactions, and Calvin cycle

B.Calvin cycle, Kreb’s cycle, and light reactions

C.Kreb’s cycle, Calvin cycle, and electron transport

D.Glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport

E.Light reactions, carbon reactions, and electron transport

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

9.The electrons that are transferred during cellular respiration are carried in the molecules:

A.NADP and FADH2

B.NADH and FADH2

C.NADH and NADP

D.NADH2 and Glucose

E.NADP and Glucose

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

10.Glycolysis occurs in the:

A.Cytoplasm

B.Mitochondria

C.Lysosome

D.Nucleus

E.Cell membrane

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

11.The Kreb’s cycle occurs in the:

A.Lysosome

B.Nucleus

C.Cytoplasm

D.Mitochondria

E.Ribosome

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

12.The electron transport system occurs in the:

A.Lysosome.

B.Nucleus.

C.Cytoplasm.

D.Ribosome.

E.Mitochondria.

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

13.The “spent” electrons from electron transport in aerobic respiration are transferred to:

A.Oxygen

B.Nitrogen

C.Hydrogen

D.Sulfur

E.Carbon dioxide

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

14.The enzyme that forms a channel in the inner membrane of the mitochondria and phosphorylates ADP is:

A.ATP Synthase

B.NADH Synthase

C.FADH2 Synthase

D.ADP Synthase

E.None of these are correct

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

15.The products of cellular respiration are:

A.Carbon dioxide, glucose, and water

B.Glucose, water, and ATP

C.Glucose, carbon dioxide, and ATP

D.Oxygen, ATP, and water

E.Carbon dioxide, water, and ATP

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

16.The reactants for cellular respiration are:

A.Glucose and ATP

B.Water and ATP

C.Oxygen and ATP

D.Glucose and oxygen

E.Carbon dioxide and glucose

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

17.Anaerobic respiration is most common in:

A.Microorganisms

B.Plants

C.Animals

D.Fungi

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

18.Fermentation is most common in:

A.Plants

B.Animals

C.Fungi

D.Microorganisms

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

19.In prokaryotic cells, cellular respiration occurs in the:

A.Mitochondria

B.Cytoplasm and the cell’s outer membrane

C.Cell’s outer membrane

D.Mitochondria and cytoplasm

E.Cytoplasm

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

20.The area enclosed by the highly folded inner mitochondrial membrane is the:

A.Cytoplasm

B.Nucleus

C.Outer membrane

D.Both cytoplasm and nucleus are correct

E.Matrix

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.03.01 Describe where each step in respiration occurs in a mitochondria.
SECTION: 06.03
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

21.In eukaryotic cells NADH and FADH2 are transported along electron carriers of the:

A.Inner mitochondrial membrane

B.Matrix

C.Outer mitochondrial membrane

D.Cell membrane

E.Cytoplasm

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.03.01 Describe where each step in respiration occurs in a mitochondria.
SECTION: 06.03
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

22.Glycolysis does not require:

A.ATP

B.Glucose

C.Enzymes

D.NAD

E.Oxygen

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

23.During glycolysis, to “activate” glucose ________ molecules of ____________ are required.

A.Three, NAD

B.Two, ATP

C.Two, FAD

D.Three, ADP

E.Three, ATP

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

24.In glycolysis the net number of NADH produced is:

A.0

B.3

C.2

D.4

E.30

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

25.If a high-energy “donor” molecule physically transfers a phosphate group to ADP, this is called:

A.Photosynthesis

B.Oxidative phosphorylation

C.Substrate-level phosphorylation

D.Electron transport

E.Glycolysis

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

26.The net ATP production in glycolysis is only two because:

A.Two molecules of ATP are needed to “activate” glucose

B.Two molecules of ATP are used to move NADH into the mitochondria

C.That is all the ATP produced during glycolysis

D.ATP production cannot exceed NADH production

E.Glycolysis may occur without oxygen being present

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

27.Only a small amount of ATP is produced during glycolysis because most of the energy stored in a glucose molecule remains in the bonds of:

A.Carbon dioxide

B.NADH

C.PGAL

D.Pyruvate

E.None of these are correct

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

28.The compound that enters the Kreb’s cycle is:

A.ATP

B.Pyruvate

C.PGAL

D.ATP Synthase

E.Acetyl CoA

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

29.The sole source of ATP production in cells using fermentation only is:

A.Glycolysis

B.Kreb’s cycle

C.Photosynthesis

D.Electron transport

E.The Calvin cycle

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in anaerobic respiration.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

30.The Kreb’s cycle produces __________ and ____________.

A.Carbon dioxide, oxygen

B.Oxygen, ATP

C.ATP, electron carriers

D.Electron carriers, oxygen

E.Pyruvate, PGAL

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

31.The molecule in the Krebs cycle that acetyl CoA combines with is:

A.Pyruvate

B.Oxygen

C.Oxaloacetate

D.NADH

E.A cytochrome

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

32.Since the Kreb’s cycle is a cyclic pathway the original acceptor needed to start the Kreb’s cycle and the end product of the Kreb’s cycle are:

A.Enzymes

B.Different molecules

C.ATP molecules

D.The same molecule

E.NADH and FADH2 respectively

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

33.Glycolysis and the Kreb’s cycle do not capture all of the energy in a glucose molecule because:

A.ATP easily vaporizes

B.Energy cannot be created or destroyed

C.Some glucose is not broken down

D.Some energy is always lost as heat during chemical reactions

E.Some energy remains in the atoms

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

34.Another function of the Kreb’s cycle other than to continue the breakdown of glucose is to:

A.Manufacture fats and amino acids

B.Manufacture fats

C.Manufacture amino acids and provide oxygen to cells

D.Manufacture amino acids

E.Provide oxygen to cells

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.07.01 Compare and contrast where carbohydrate, fat and protein enter metabolism.
SECTION: 06.07
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

35.The electron transport chain produces a/an _____________ gradient.

A.Electron

B.ATP

C.NADH

D.Oxygen

E.Proton

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

36.An example of a poison that kills by interfering with ATP production is:

A.Arsenic

B.Carbon monoxide

C.All are correct

D.Cyanide

E.Rotenone

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

37.The approximate maximum net ATP yield from a molecule of glucose is about __ ATP molecules.

A.2

B.30

C.4

D.15

E.42

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.06.01 Calculate the net ATP produced in aerobic metabolism.
SECTION: 06.06
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

38.Muscle cells use lactic acid fermentation to:

A.Generate NAD+ so that glycolysis can continue in the absence of oxygen

B.Produce ATP in the presence of oxygen

C.Produce more ATP than in respiration

D.Allow an animal to survive for long periods of time in the absence of oxygen

E.Produce less CO2

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.06.01 Calculate the net ATP produced in aerobic metabolism.
SECTION: 06.06
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

39.Alcoholic fermentation:

A.Is carried out by yeasts

B.Produces far less ATP than aerobic respiration

C.Produces ethanol

D.All are correct

E.Produces carbon dioxide

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.06.01 Calculate the net ATP produced in aerobic metabolism.
SECTION: 06.06
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

40.The most ancient of the energy pathways is probably:

A.Aerobic respiration

B.Calvin cycle

C.Photosynthesis

D.Kreb’s cycle

E.Glycolysis

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

41.If you measure the air a person inhales you observe that the concentrations ______ in the air they exhale.

A.of O2 rises and CO2 falls

B.of O2 falls and CO2 rises

C.of both O2 and CO2 rise

D.of both O2 and CO2 fall

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

42.If a person is burning only glucose what will be the ratio of oxygen consumed to carbon dioxide produced?

A.1:1

B.1:2

C.2:1

D.6:1

E.1:6

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

43.In glycolysis and the Krebs cycle electrons are removed from glucose and taken up by molecules like NAD+. In such a reaction, glucose is being _____ and NAD+ is being ____.

A.Reduced, oxidized

B.Oxidized, reduced

C.Phosphorylated, oxidized

D.Phosphorylated, reduced

E.Reduced, phosphorylated

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

44.Mitochondria have two membranes. How is this important in the function of mitochondria?

A.Glycolysis occurs in the membranes

B.Protons are pumped into the space between the membranes

C.Oxygen is transported across the membranes

D.Without two membranes the mitochondria may rupture due to osmosis

E.The Krebs cycle enzymes are found on the outer mitochondrial membrane

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.03.01 Describe where each step in respiration occurs in a mitochondria.
SECTION: 06.03
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

45.How can glycolysis produce ATP in the absence of oxygen?

A.All are correct

B.By ATPase linked to the mitochondrial electron transport chain

C.By attaching a phosphate ion to ADP

D.By exciting electrons using photons of light

E.By substrate level phosphorylation

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

46.The first steps in glycolysis involve:

A.Lysing glucose into two 3C molecules

B.Reducing glucose

C.Adding two phosphates from ATP to glucose

D.Generation of ATP

E.Donation of electrons from NADH to an electron transporter

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.
SECTION: 06.04
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

47.When NAD+ picks up two electrons from a reaction in the Krebs cycle to form NADH, the NAD+ is being:

A.Oxidized

B.Phosphorylated

C.Reduced

D.Hydrolyzed

E.Lysed

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

48.The smallest molecule in the Krebs cycle contains ____ carbon atoms.

A.4

B.1

C.3

D.5

E.6

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

49.The largest molecule in the Krebs cycle contains ____ carbon atoms.

A.1

B.3

C.5

D.4

E.6

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

50.What first happens to the carbon atoms that enter the Krebs cycle as acetyl CoA?

A.They are reduced to form carbon dioxide

B.They combine with a 4-carbon sugar to form a 6-carbon sugar

C.Two acetyl CoA molecules join together to form a 6-carbon sugar

D.They combine with pyruvate to form a 4-carbon sugar

E.They are activated with a phosphate from ATP

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

51.What is the role of oxygen in respiration?

A.It is formed from the oxidation of water at the beginning of the electron transport chain

B.It flows through the electron transport chain, losing energy as it goes

C.It is reduced at the end of the electron transport chain, forming water

D.It is necessary to obtain any ATP from glucose

E.It flows down its concentration gradient through an ATPase to produce ATP

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.03 Explain the role of oxygen in respiration.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

52.Molecules called uncouplers allow protons to cross the inner mitochondrial membrane. What effect would this have on ATP production in the mitochondria?

A.Reduction, because electrons would not be able to move through the electron transport chain

B.Reduction, because protons would not be available to pass through the ATPase

C.No effect, because protons cross the outer mitochondrial membrane to produce ATP

D.Increase, because this would spontaneously establish a proton gradient

E.Increase, because this would make more oxygen available in the mitochondrial matrix

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

53.Cyanide and carbon monoxide block the final step in the electron transport chain. What effect would this have on ATP production in the mitochondria?

A.Reduction, because protons would not be able to move across the inner mitochondrial membrane

B.No effect, because protons cross the outer mitochondrial membrane to produce ATP

C.Reduction, because electrons would not be able to move through the electron transport chain

D.Increase, because this would spontaneously establish a proton gradient

E.Increase, because this would make more oxygen available in the mitochondrial matrix

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.03 Explain the role of oxygen in respiration.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

54.A cell produces approximately 30 ATP per glucose, however, if you calculated the total energy in a glucose molecule, 90 ATP should be generated. What is the best explanation for this difference?

A.Some of the energy is destroyed

B.Scientists have not figured out where the rest of the energy goes

C.ATP has more energy than originally thought

D.Some of the energy is used to do work in the cell

E.Some energy is lost as heat

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.06.01 Calculate the net ATP produced in aerobic metabolism.
SECTION: 06.06
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

55.The reactions in glycolysis are reversible, however, the conversion of pyruvate into acetyl CoA is irreversible in animal cells. Can fatty acids be converted back into carbohydrates?

A.No, because they enter metabolism as pyruvate

B.Yes, because they enter metabolism as acetyl CoA

C.No, because they enter metabolism as acetyl CoA

D.Yes, because they enter metabolism as pyruvate

E.Yes, because they enter metabolism in the Krebs cycle

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.07.01 Compare and contrast where carbohydrate, fat and protein enter metabolism.
SECTION: 06.07
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

56.Which of the following could be electron acceptors in anaerobic respiration?

A.Nitrate or oxygen

B.Sulfate or oxygen

C.Lactic acid

D.Nitrate or sulfate

E.All are correct

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in anaerobic respiration.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

57.During fermentation yeast produce ethanol, a toxic waste product. Why would yeast produce something that is toxic to themselves?

A.To produce NADH for energy

B.To regenerate NAD+ in order to continue glycolysis

C.To use up excess pyruvate in order to continue glycolysis

D.To conserve oxygen for other reactions

E.To avoid the production of lactic acid

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

58.During fermentation ___ ATP can be produced per glucose, compared with ____ by aerobic respiration.

A.30, 2

B.6, 30

C.2, 30

D.30, 6

E.2, 6

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

59.If you put a plant in a chamber and shine a light on it, the concentrations ______.

A.of O2 will rise and CO2 will fall

B.of O2 will fall and CO2 will rise

C.of both O2 and CO2 will rise

D.of both O2 and CO2 will fall

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
SECTION: 06.09
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

60.If you put a plant in a chamber and place it in the dark, the concentrations ______.

A.of O2 will fall and CO2 will rise

B.of O2 will rise and CO2 will fall

C.of both O2 and CO2 will rise

D.of both O2 and CO2 will fall

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
SECTION: 06.09
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

61.Most plants are:

A.Autotrophic endotherms

B.Autotrophic ecotherms

C.Heterotrophic ectotherms

D.Heterotrophic endotherms

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
LEARNING OUTCOME: 18.00.01 Describe the characteristics common to all plants.
SECTION: 06.09
SECTION: 18.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life
TOPIC: Plant Diversity

62.Philodendron flowers pass electrons through an electron transport chain to generate heat. What is the source of these electrons?

A.Water

B.Oxygen

C.ATP

D.Sunlight

E.NADH and FADH2

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life

63.Philodendron flowers pass electrons through a mitochondrial electron transport chain to generate heat. What step is bypassed in generating heat?

A.Formation of a proton gradient

B.Transfer of electrons to oxygen

C.Donation of electrons to the electron transport chain

D.Excitation of electrons by sunlight

E.Release of electrons from water

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life

64.What hypothesis were the scientists testing?

A.Does generating heat increase the metabolism of Philodendron?

B.Does generating heat decrease the metabolism of Philodendron?

C.Is heat being used by Philodendron to attract pollinators?

D.Is heat being used by Philodendron increase the rate of pollen production?

E.Does heat increase the rate of photosynthesis by Philodendron?

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
LEARNING OUTCOME: 18.05.02 Explain the interaction of flowers and fruit with animals in angiosperm evolution.
SECTION: 06.09
SECTION: 18.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life
TOPIC: Plant Diversity

65.The rate of carbon dioxide production by Cyclocephala colasi beetles was used to measure their:

A.Ability to pollinate flowers

B.Rate of photosynthesis

C.Body temperature

D.Level of activity

E.Rate of respiration

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life

66.What is the dependent variable in figure 6.14?

A.Temperature

B.Rate of oxygen production

C.Amount of pollen collected

D.Rate of carbon dioxide production

E.Glucose production

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life

67.What is the independent variable in figure 6.14?

A.Temperature

B.Rate of carbon dioxide production

C.Rate of oxygen production

D.Amount of pollen collected

E.Glucose production

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life

68.What did the scientists conclude from figure 6.14?

A.That at higher temperatures resting beetles saved energy

B.That at higher temperatures active beetles saved energy

C.That at lower temperatures active beetles saved energy

D.That at lower temperatures resting beetles saved energy

E.That generating heat led to increased pollination of Philodendron flowers by beetles

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.
SECTION: 06.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life

69.Philodendron flowers have to use a lot of energy to attract beetles as pollinators. This is similar to the energy used to produce ____ by many other flowering plants to attract pollinators.

A.Pollen

B.Seeds

C.Spores

D.Nectar

E.Leaves

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
LEARNING OUTCOME: 18.05.02 Explain the interaction of flowers and fruit with animals in angiosperm evolution.
SECTION: 06.09
SECTION: 18.05
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life
TOPIC: Plant Diversity

70.Cells from a Philodendron flower have which of the following?

A.All are correct

B.Mitochondria

C.Chloroplasts

D.A nucleus

E.A cell wall

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.
LEARNING OUTCOME: 18.00.01 Describe the characteristics common to all plants.
SECTION: 06.09
SECTION: 18.01
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration
TOPIC: Investigating Life
TOPIC: Plant Diversity

True / False Questions

71.Cellular respiration includes glycolysis, the Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport.

TRUE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

72.Cellular respiration includes only the Kreb’s cycle and electron transport.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

73.In Eukaryotic cells the electron transport system occurs in the mitochondria.

TRUE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

74.In prokaryotic cells the electron transport system occurs in the mitochondria.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.
SECTION: 06.02
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

75.Fermentation is a more efficient form of energy production than aerobic respiration.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

76.NADH is the only electron carrier produced during aerobic respiration.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

77.Oxidative phosphorylation occurs when protons pass through ATP synthase and combine with oxygen to make water.

TRUE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

78.Substrate phosphorylation occurs when protons pass through ATP synthase and combine with oxygen to make water.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

79.Substrate phosphorylation occurs when a high energy “donor” molecule physically transfers a phosphate group to ADP.

TRUE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

80.The electron transport chain extracts most of the potential energy in NADH by removing the energy from its electrons in a single step.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

81.According to the first law of thermodynamics some energy is lost as heat during energy transfers.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

82.Anaerobic respiration uses oxygen as its final electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain.

FALSE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

83.Anaerobic respiration uses an inorganic molecule other than O2 as the electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain.

TRUE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

84.Aerobic respiration uses oxygen as its final electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain.

TRUE

BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.
SECTION: 06.08
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration

Chapter 006 – How Cells Release Energy Summary

Category# of Questions
BLOOM’S LEVEL: 1. Remember54
BLOOM’S LEVEL: 2. Understand16
BLOOM’S LEVEL: 3. Apply7
BLOOM’S LEVEL: 4. Analyze7
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.01.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration of glucose.11
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.02.01 Compare and contrast what occurs in glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain.10
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.03.01 Describe where each step in respiration occurs in a mitochondria.3
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.04.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis.10
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle.9
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.02 Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain.7
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.05.03 Explain the role of oxygen in respiration.2
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.06.01 Calculate the net ATP produced in aerobic metabolism.4
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.07.01 Compare and contrast where carbohydrate, fat and protein enter metabolism.2
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.01 Draw and explain the net reaction in anaerobic respiration.2
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.08.02 Compare and contrast aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation.16
LEARNING OUTCOME: 06.09.01 Compare and contrast respiration and photosynthesis.8
LEARNING OUTCOME: 18.00.01 Describe the characteristics common to all plants.2
LEARNING OUTCOME: 18.05.02 Explain the interaction of flowers and fruit with animals in angiosperm evolution.2
SECTION: 06.0111
SECTION: 06.0210
SECTION: 06.033
SECTION: 06.0410
SECTION: 06.0518
SECTION: 06.064
SECTION: 06.072
SECTION: 06.0818
SECTION: 06.098
SECTION: 18.012
SECTION: 18.052
TOPIC: Cellular Respiration84
TOPIC: Investigating Life10
TOPIC: Plant Diversity4

Chapter 007 – DNA Structure and Gene Function

Multiple Choice Questions

1.The twisted ladder of DNA is composed of building blocks called:

A.Amino acids

B.Monosaccharides

C.Phospholipids

D.Disaccharides

E.Nucleotides

2.The rungs of the DNA ladder:

A.Are formed by base pairs joined by covalent bonds

B.Are formed by base pairs joined by hydrogen bonds

C.Are formed by base pairs joined by phosphodiester bonds

D.Are formed by base pairs joined by hydrogen bonds

3.In a molecule of DNA:

A.Cytosine pairs with adenine

B.Thymine pairs with uracil

C.Adenine pairs with uracil

D.Adenine pairs with thymine

E.Cytosine pairs with thymine

4.The “Central Dogma” refers:

A.Genetic information passing from DNA to RNA by translation

B.Genetic information passing from RNA to protein by transcription

C.To inheritance of traits between generations

D.To production of energy in a cell

E.To the flow of genetic information in cells

5.RNA differs from DNA in that:

A.RNA contains ribose

B.RNA contains uracil

C.All are correct

D.RNA is usually single stranded

E.RNA can catalyze chemical reactions

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