$35.00

**Chapter 05: Percentages**

**COMPLETION**

- Change the following percentage to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms.

37.5% = _____

ANS: 3/8

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Find the following percentage.

% of 2,000= _____

ANS: 18

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Find the following percentage.

16% of 79 = _____

ANS: 12.64

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Find the following percentage.

8% of 32 = _____

ANS: 2.56

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following percentage to a ratio and its decimal equivalent.

8% = _____; _____

ANS: 2:25; 0.08

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following percentage to a ratio and its decimal equivalent.

45% = _____; _____

ANS: 45:100, 0.45

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following percentage to a ratio.

% = _____

ANS: 1:6

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following percentage to a ratio.

0.4% = _____

ANS: 1:250

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Convert 84.75% to decimal form.

ANS: 0.8475

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Convert 42.5% to decimal form.

ANS: 0.425

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Convert 2.96 to a percent.

ANS: 296%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Convert 0.925 to a percent.

ANS: 92.5%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client drank 3 ounces (oz) of a glass of apple juice. This was 75% of the full amount. What was the full amount of apple juice?

ANS: 4 oz

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client is responsible for 30% of his doctor bills due to insurance. The client sees a specialist and the bill is $240.00. How much will the client be responsible for?

ANS: $72.00

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client was able to drink 85% of a 1,000 milliliter (mL) bottle of an x-ray prep. How many mL did the client drink?

ANS: 850 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client has a 2,500 mL bag of irrigation solution hanging. 750 mL of the solution have infused. What percent of the irrigation solution has infused?

ANS: 30%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client consumed 30% of a bowl of broth. The bowl held 360 mL. How many mL of the broth did the client consume?

ANS: 108 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client who weighed 210 pounds (lb) lost 30 lb. What was the percent of decrease in the client’s weight? (State answer to the nearest whole percent.)

ANS: 14%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Following exercise, a client’s pulse rate increased from 80 to 95. What is the percent of increase in the client’s pulse rate? (State answer to the nearest tenth.)

ANS: 18.8%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client has received 45% of a 500 mL bag of intravenous (IV) solution. How many mL of IV solution has the client received?

ANS: 225 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

**Chapter 07: Apothecary and Household Systems**

**MULTIPLE CHOICE**

- 1 oz is equivalent to:

a. | 4 mL | c. | 15 mL |

b. | 5 mL | d. | 30 mL |

ANS: D PTS: 1 MSC: General

- The correct abbreviation for teaspoon is:

a. | Tsp. | c. | tbs. |

b. | tsp. | d. | Tbs. |

ANS: B PTS: 1 MSC: General

**MULTIPLE RESPONSE**

- The household system (select all that apply):

a. | is more accurate than the metric system. |

b. | expresses quantities using Arabic numbers and decimals. |

c. | is primarily used for dosages at home. |

d. | expresses quantities in fractions and Arabic numbers. |

e. | is preferred for medication administration. |

f. | has measures such as tbs and tsp. |

ANS: C, D, F PTS: 1 MSC: General

**COMPLETION**

**Directions:**Write the abbreviation for the term.

drop: _____

ANS: gtt

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the abbreviation for the term.

teaspoon: _____

ANS: tsp

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the abbreviation for the term.

ounce: _____

ANS: oz

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

30 mL = _____ oz

ANS: 1

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

13 t = _______ mL

ANS: 65

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

15 mL = _____ oz

ANS: 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

2 3/4 C = ______ mL

ANS: 660

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

10 tbs = _____ mL

ANS: 150

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

50 mL = _____ qt

ANS: 1/20

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

5 t = **_____** mL

ANS: 25

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

255 mL = **_____** oz

ANS: 8 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

6 1/4 qt = **_____** mL

ANS: 6,250

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

5 1/4 pt = ______ mL

ANS: 2,625

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

16 T = **_____** mL

ANS: 240

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

750 mL = **_____** pt

ANS: 1 1/2 pt

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

2 1/4 cup = **_____** mL

ANS: 540

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

195 mL = ________ oz

ANS: 6 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

10 1/3 tbs = _______ mL

ANS: 155

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

277.5 mL = _________ oz

ANS: 9 1/4

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Write the equivalent indicated.

43.75 mL = ________ tsp

ANS: 8 3/4

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**SHORT ANSWER**

**Directions:**Express the following value correctly.

5.5 Tsp

ANS:

5 1/2 tsp, tsp 5 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Express the following value correctly.

20 MEQ

ANS:

20 mEq

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Express the following value correctly.

2.75 OZ

ANS:

2 3/4 oz, oz 2 3/4

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Express the following value correctly.

17 U

ANS:

17 units

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Express the following value correctly.

18.0 Tbs

ANS:

18 tbs, tbs 18

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**TRUE/FALSE**

- The drop is a standardized unit of measure.

**_____**

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

- Use of the apothecary system has been identified as a source of error in medication administration.

**_____**

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

- A capital “U” is an acceptable abbreviation for units.

______

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

- Milliequivalent is a unit used to measure the ionic activity of a medication.

_______

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

- The household system expresses values using roman numerals and Arabic numbers.

______

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Chapter 17: Oral Medications**

**COMPLETION**

**Directions:**Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

An elongated tablet for easy swallowing is referred to as a _______________.

ANS: caplet

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

Enteric-coated tablets and time-release tablets should never be _______________.

ANS: crushed, broken

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

Sublingual tablets must never be _______________ but placed _______________ the tongue.

ANS: crushed, swallowed; under

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The nurse should question and check any calculation that indicates you should administer more than ________ tablets or capsules to achieve a single dose.

ANS: three, 3

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The solid form of medication that contains granules that delays the release of the medication is referred to as a _______________.

ANS: spansule

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The most common form of oral medication is the __________.

ANS: tablet

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Ranitidine 300 mg p.o. daily at bedtime

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Evista 60 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 1 tab

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Tegretol 0.2 g p.o. b.i.d.

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Biaxin 175 mg p.o. q12h

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 3.5 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Cardura 8 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

- Which dosage strength of Cardura would you use? _____ mg tabs
- How many tablets will you administer? _____ tab(s)

ANS:

- 4
- 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Synthroid 0.3 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

Dosage: _____ tab(s)

ANS: 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Benazepril (Lotensin HCT) 20 mg per 25 mg p.o. every day

__Available__:

- How many tablets should the client receive per dosage? _____ tab(s)
- How many tablets would be needed for 1 week? _____ tab(s)

ANS:

- 2
- 14

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Diazepam 4 mg via nasogastric tube t.i.d.

__Available__: Diazepam oral solution 5 mg per 5 mL

- How many milliliters should the client receive per dosage? _____ mL
- How many milligrams will the client receive per day? _____ mg

ANS:

- 4
- 12

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Ceftin 500 mg p.o. q12h

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 10 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Norvasc 5 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Tenormin 100 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Ampicillin 1 g p.o. as an initial dosage and then 500 mg p.o. q.i.d. for 7

days thereafter

__Available__: Ampicillin capsules labeled 500 mg

- How many capsules will you administer for the initial dosage? _____ cap(s)
- What is the total number of capsules needed for the subsequent dosages for 7 days? _____ cap(s)

ANS:

- 2
- 28

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Feldene 20 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

- Which dosage strength would be best to use? _____ mg caps
- How many capsules will you administer per dosage? _____ cap(s)

ANS:

- 20
- 1

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Diflucan 350 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 8.8 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Depakene 0.5 g p.o. daily for 1 week, then 1 g p.o. daily beginning the second week

__Available__:

- How many milligrams will the client receive per dosage for 1 week? _____ mg
- How many milliliters will you administer per dosage for 1 week? _____ mL
- How many milligrams will the client receive per dosage the second week? _____ mg per dosage
- How many milliliters will you administer per dosage the second week? _____ mL

ANS:

- 500
- 10
- 1,000
- 20

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Potassium chloride 40 mEq p.o. every day

__Available__:

- How many milliliters would the client receive? _____ mL
- How many containers are needed? _________ container(s)

ANS:

- 30
- 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Zithromax 160 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 4 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Zoloft 50 mg p.o. daily

__Available:__

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Methadone hydrochloride 25 mg p.o. daily

__Available__: Scored tablets

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 1/2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Carvedilol (Coreg) 6.25 mg p.o. b.i.d.

__Available__:

- How many tablets should the client receive per dosage? _____ tab(s)
- How many milligrams will the client receive per day? _____ mg

ANS:

- 2
- 12.5

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Terbutaline 5 mg p.o. q8h

__Available__:

- Which dosage of Terbutaline would you use and why? ________________
- How many tablets will you give? ______ tab(s)

ANS:

- Use the 5 mg tab; if the 2.5 mg tab were used, the client would have to take 2 tabs. Although 2 tabs are acceptable, you want to administer the least number of tablets to achieve the dosage.
- 1

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Clozaril 50 mg p.o. daily

__Available__:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Compazine 10 mg p.o. q.i.d.

__Available:__

Dosage: _____

ANS: 10 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Lithium citrate 0.6 g p.o. b.i.d.

__Available:__

.

Dosage: _____

ANS:

10 mL (Indicate the dosage on the medication cup)

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Vibramycin 100 mg p.o. b.i.d. for 14 days

__Available:__

ANS:

20 mL (Indicate the dosage on the medication cup.)

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Zebeta 15 mg p.o. daily

__Available:__

- Which dosage strength of Zebeta would be appropriate to use and why? __________
- How many tablets will you administer? _________tab(s)

ANS:

- 1 (5 mg tab) and 1 (10 mg) tab would be the appropriate tabs to give. If the 5 mg tablets were used, the client would have to take 3 tabs. Although this amount is acceptable, the client should be given the least amount to achieve the dosage.
- 2; (one 5 mg tab, and one 10 mg tab)

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium 250 mg p.o. q8h (dose is based on amoxicillin)

__Available:__

Dosage _____________

ANS: 3.1 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order__: Isentress 0.8 g p.o. b.i.d.

__Available:__

Dosage ___________________

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

**Directions:**Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

__Order:__ Trileptal 0.3 g p.o. b.i.d.

__Available: __

Dosage ________

ANS: 5 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

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