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## Calculation of Drug Dosages A Work Text 9th Edition by Sheila J. Ogden – Test Bank A+

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Calculation of Drug Dosages A Work Text 9th Edition by Sheila J. Ogden – Test Bank A+

Chapter 05: Percentages

COMPLETION

1. Change the following percentage to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms.

37.5% = _____

ANS: 3/8

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Find the following percentage.

% of 2,000= _____

ANS: 18

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Find the following percentage.

16% of 79 = _____

ANS: 12.64

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Find the following percentage.

8% of 32 = _____

ANS: 2.56

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Change the following percentage to a ratio and its decimal equivalent.

8% = _____; _____

ANS: 2:25; 0.08

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Change the following percentage to a ratio and its decimal equivalent.

45% = _____; _____

ANS: 45:100, 0.45

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Change the following percentage to a ratio.

% = _____

ANS: 1:6

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Change the following percentage to a ratio.

0.4% = _____

ANS: 1:250

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Convert 84.75% to decimal form.

ANS: 0.8475

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Convert 42.5% to decimal form.

ANS: 0.425

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Convert 2.96 to a percent.

ANS: 296%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Convert 0.925 to a percent.

ANS: 92.5%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client drank 3 ounces (oz) of a glass of apple juice. This was 75% of the full amount. What was the full amount of apple juice?

ANS: 4 oz

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client is responsible for 30% of his doctor bills due to insurance. The client sees a specialist and the bill is \$240.00. How much will the client be responsible for?

ANS: \$72.00

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client was able to drink 85% of a 1,000 milliliter (mL) bottle of an x-ray prep. How many mL did the client drink?

ANS: 850 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client has a 2,500 mL bag of irrigation solution hanging. 750 mL of the solution have infused. What percent of the irrigation solution has infused?

ANS: 30%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client consumed 30% of a bowl of broth. The bowl held 360 mL. How many mL of the broth did the client consume?

ANS: 108 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client who weighed 210 pounds (lb) lost 30 lb. What was the percent of decrease in the client’s weight? (State answer to the nearest whole percent.)

ANS: 14%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. Following exercise, a client’s pulse rate increased from 80 to 95. What is the percent of increase in the client’s pulse rate? (State answer to the nearest tenth.)

ANS: 18.8%

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

1. A client has received 45% of a 500 mL bag of intravenous (IV) solution. How many mL of IV solution has the client received?

ANS: 225 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

Chapter 07: Apothecary and Household Systems

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. 1 oz is equivalent to:
 a. 4 mL c. 15 mL b. 5 mL d. 30 mL

ANS: D PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. The correct abbreviation for teaspoon is:
 a. Tsp. c. tbs. b. tsp. d. Tbs.

ANS: B PTS: 1 MSC: General

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

1. The household system (select all that apply):
 a. is more accurate than the metric system. b. expresses quantities using Arabic numbers and decimals. c. is primarily used for dosages at home. d. expresses quantities in fractions and Arabic numbers. e. is preferred for medication administration. f. has measures such as tbs and tsp.

ANS: C, D, F PTS: 1 MSC: General

COMPLETION

1. Directions: Write the abbreviation for the term.

drop: _____

ANS: gtt

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the abbreviation for the term.

teaspoon: _____

ANS: tsp

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the abbreviation for the term.

ounce: _____

ANS: oz

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

30 mL = _____ oz

ANS: 1

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

13 t = _______ mL

ANS: 65

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

15 mL = _____ oz

ANS: 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

2 3/4 C = ______ mL

ANS: 660

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

10 tbs = _____ mL

ANS: 150

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

50 mL = _____ qt

ANS: 1/20

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

5 t = _____ mL

ANS: 25

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

255 mL = _____ oz

ANS: 8 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

6 1/4 qt = _____ mL

ANS: 6,250

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

5 1/4 pt = ______ mL

ANS: 2,625

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

16 T = _____ mL

ANS: 240

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

750 mL = _____ pt

ANS: 1 1/2 pt

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

2 1/4 cup = _____ mL

ANS: 540

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

195 mL = ________ oz

ANS: 6 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

10 1/3 tbs = _______ mL

ANS: 155

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

277.5 mL = _________ oz

ANS: 9 1/4

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Write the equivalent indicated.

43.75 mL = ________ tsp

ANS: 8 3/4

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

5.5 Tsp

ANS:

5 1/2 tsp, tsp 5 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

20 MEQ

ANS:

20 mEq

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

2.75 OZ

ANS:

2 3/4 oz, oz 2 3/4

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

17 U

ANS:

17 units

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Express the following value correctly.

18.0 Tbs

ANS:

18 tbs, tbs 18

PTS: 1 MSC: General

TRUE/FALSE

1. The drop is a standardized unit of measure.

_____

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Use of the apothecary system has been identified as a source of error in medication administration.

_____

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. A capital “U” is an acceptable abbreviation for units.

______

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Milliequivalent is a unit used to measure the ionic activity of a medication.

_______

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. The household system expresses values using roman numerals and Arabic numbers.

______

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

Chapter 17: Oral Medications

COMPLETION

1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

An elongated tablet for easy swallowing is referred to as a _______________.

ANS: caplet

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

Enteric-coated tablets and time-release tablets should never be _______________.

ANS: crushed, broken

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

Sublingual tablets must never be _______________ but placed _______________ the tongue.

ANS: crushed, swallowed; under

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The nurse should question and check any calculation that indicates you should administer more than ________ tablets or capsules to achieve a single dose.

ANS: three, 3

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The solid form of medication that contains granules that delays the release of the medication is referred to as a _______________.

ANS: spansule

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Complete with the correct word(s) or number.

The most common form of oral medication is the __________.

ANS: tablet

PTS: 1 MSC: General

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Ranitidine 300 mg p.o. daily at bedtime

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Evista 60 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 1 tab

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Tegretol 0.2 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Biaxin 175 mg p.o. q12h

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 3.5 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Cardura 8 mg p.o. daily

Available:

1. Which dosage strength of Cardura would you use? _____ mg tabs
2. How many tablets will you administer? _____ tab(s)

ANS:

1. 4
2. 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Synthroid 0.3 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____ tab(s)

ANS: 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Benazepril (Lotensin HCT) 20 mg per 25 mg p.o. every day

Available:

1. How many tablets should the client receive per dosage? _____ tab(s)
2. How many tablets would be needed for 1 week? _____ tab(s)

ANS:

1. 2
2. 14

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Diazepam 4 mg via nasogastric tube t.i.d.

Available: Diazepam oral solution 5 mg per 5 mL

1. How many milliliters should the client receive per dosage? _____ mL
2. How many milligrams will the client receive per day? _____ mg

ANS:

1. 4
2. 12

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Ceftin 500 mg p.o. q12h

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 10 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Norvasc 5 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Tenormin 100 mg p.o. daily

Available:

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Ampicillin 1 g p.o. as an initial dosage and then 500 mg p.o. q.i.d. for 7

days thereafter

Available: Ampicillin capsules labeled 500 mg

1. How many capsules will you administer for the initial dosage? _____ cap(s)
2. What is the total number of capsules needed for the subsequent dosages for 7 days? _____ cap(s)

ANS:

1. 2
2. 28

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Feldene 20 mg p.o. daily

Available:

1. Which dosage strength would be best to use? _____ mg caps
2. How many capsules will you administer per dosage? _____ cap(s)

ANS:

1. 20
2. 1

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Diflucan 350 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 8.8 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Depakene 0.5 g p.o. daily for 1 week, then 1 g p.o. daily beginning the second week

Available:

1. How many milligrams will the client receive per dosage for 1 week? _____ mg
2. How many milliliters will you administer per dosage for 1 week? _____ mL
3. How many milligrams will the client receive per dosage the second week? _____ mg per dosage
4. How many milliliters will you administer per dosage the second week? _____ mL

ANS:

1. 500
2. 10
3. 1,000
4. 20

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Potassium chloride 40 mEq p.o. every day

Available:

1. How many milliliters would the client receive? _____ mL
2. How many containers are needed? _________ container(s)

ANS:

1. 30
2. 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Zithromax 160 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 4 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Zoloft 50 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Methadone hydrochloride 25 mg p.o. daily

Available: Scored tablets

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 1/2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Carvedilol (Coreg) 6.25 mg p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

1. How many tablets should the client receive per dosage? _____ tab(s)
2. How many milligrams will the client receive per day? _____ mg

ANS:

1. 2
2. 12.5

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Terbutaline 5 mg p.o. q8h

Available:

1. Which dosage of Terbutaline would you use and why? ________________
2. How many tablets will you give? ______ tab(s)

ANS:

1. Use the 5 mg tab; if the 2.5 mg tab were used, the client would have to take 2 tabs. Although 2 tabs are acceptable, you want to administer the least number of tablets to achieve the dosage.
2. 1

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Clozaril 50 mg p.o. daily

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Compazine 10 mg p.o. q.i.d.

Available:

Dosage: _____

ANS: 10 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Lithium citrate 0.6 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

.

Dosage: _____

ANS:

10 mL (Indicate the dosage on the medication cup)

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Vibramycin 100 mg p.o. b.i.d. for 14 days

Available:

ANS:

20 mL (Indicate the dosage on the medication cup.)

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Zebeta 15 mg p.o. daily

Available:

1. Which dosage strength of Zebeta would be appropriate to use and why? __________
2. How many tablets will you administer? _________tab(s)

ANS:

1. 1 (5 mg tab) and 1 (10 mg) tab would be the appropriate tabs to give. If the 5 mg tablets were used, the client would have to take 3 tabs. Although this amount is acceptable, the client should be given the least amount to achieve the dosage.
2. 2; (one 5 mg tab, and one 10 mg tab)

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium 250 mg p.o. q8h (dose is based on amoxicillin)

Available:

Dosage _____________

ANS: 3.1 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Isentress 0.8 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

Dosage ___________________

ANS: 2 tabs

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

1. Directions: Calculate the following dosage. Use labels where provided. Round oral liquids to the nearest tenth as indicated.

Order: Trileptal 0.3 g p.o. b.i.d.

Available:

Dosage ________

ANS: 5 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Oral Dosages (tablets, capsules, and oral solutions)

Only 0 units of this product remain