Monahan Phipps Medical Surgical 8th Edition By Monahan -Test Bank A+

$35.00
Monahan Phipps Medical Surgical 8th Edition By Monahan -Test Bank A+

Monahan Phipps Medical Surgical 8th Edition By Monahan -Test Bank A+

$35.00
Monahan Phipps Medical Surgical 8th Edition By Monahan -Test Bank A+

Test Bank

Chapter 6: Infectious Diseases and Bioterrorism

MULTIPLE CHOICE

  1. Which correctly describes the sequence of events leading to an infection?
1.Causative agent, susceptibility of host, pathogen
2.Susceptibility of host, pathogen, portal of entry, carrier
3.Carrier, pathogen, portal of entry, susceptibility of host
4.Pathogen, reservoir, portal of entry, susceptibility of host

ANS: 4 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. A patient develops a urinary tract infection while an indwelling urinary catheter is in place. This patient has a:
1.Nosocomial infection
2.Passive infection
3.Latent infection
4.Super infection

ANS: 1 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Evaluation MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. A woman becomes ill after eating food served at a party. Which type of pathogenic transmission has occurred?
1.Droplet
2.Direct contact
3.Common vehicle
4.Vector-borne

ANS: 3 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. Which agency is responsible for the control of infectious diseases in the United States?
1.Each individual state
2.The federal government
3.Local public health departments
4.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

ANS: 1 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

  1. Which statement about immunizations is true? They:
1.Provide artificial antibodies to protect against specific diseases
2.Cause a mild case of the disease so that permanent immunity results
3.Elicit immune responses against the antigen from which the vaccine was made
4.Cause recognition of the antigen, which requires disease exposure before antibodies are synthesized

ANS: 3 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Evaluation MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. Which is the best protection against infection at home, in the hospital, or in the outpatient setting?
1.Thorough hand washing
2.Avoidance of known carriers
3.Prophylactic use of antibiotics
4.Use of appropriate isolation procedures

ANS: 1 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Client Needs: Safe Effective Care Environment

  1. Which nursing activity reduces the risk for urinary tract infection in the patient with an indwelling urinary catheter?
1.Irrigating the catheter and bladder with a mild acidic solution at least once daily
2.Securely anchoring the catheter to prevent movement in and out of the urethra
3.Administering oral prophylactic urinary antiseptics
4.Changing the urinary catheter every other day

ANS: 2 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Client Needs: Safe Effective Care Environment

  1. Which type of isolation is necessary for a person with active pulmonary tuberculosis?
1.Contact
2.Droplet
3.Airborne
4.Standard

ANS: 3 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Client Needs: Safe Effective Care Environment

  1. Which statement regarding the causes, consequences, or treatment of fever is false?
1.It is a protective response to pathogens
2.Shivering results in increased heat production
3.Increased perspiration may lead to dehydration
4.Temperature is rapidly reduced to prevent seizures

ANS: 4 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Client Needs: Safe Effective Care Environment

  1. When reviewing a culture report, the nurse understands that gram-negative rods may indicate an infection such as:
1.Group A Streptococcus
2.Proteus or Salmonella
3.Varicella or herpes
4.Candida albicans

ANS: 2 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Evaluation MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. Which is the most common nosocomial infection occurring in hospitalized patients?
1.Wound
2.Pneumonia
3.Candidiasis
4.Urinary tract

ANS: 4 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: Blood and immunity

TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

Monahan: Phipps’ Medical-Surgical Nursing: Health and Illness

Perspectives, 8th Edition

Test Bank

Chapter 7: Rehabilitation and Chronic Illness

MULTIPLE CHOICE

  1. Which is a characteristic of chronic illness?
1.Clinical manifestations occur immediately after exposure to the cause.
2.Illness has initial acute onset, but may continue over many years.
3.Clinical problems run a long course and impairment is permanent.
4.Illness has abrupt onset that sometimes leads to unexpected death.

ANS: 3 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. A 69-year-old African-American woman has a 20-year history of chronic illness that has left her with significant disability, even though numerous treatments have been tried with varying degrees of success. Which factor(s) place the woman at increased risk for complications related to her illness and its treatment?
1.Patient’s age, race, and gender
2.Length of patient’s chronic illness
3.Long latency of patient’s chronic illness
4.Patient’s exposure to treatments that may counteract one another

ANS: 2 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Analysis/Nursing Diagnosis

MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. Which statement about Medicare benefits for persons over the age of 65 is false?
1.The premium for Part B is deducted from the beneficiary’s social security check.
2.Medicare primarily pays for chronic care services in the outpatient setting.
3.Part A covers the cost of durable medical equipment and physician care.
4.Reimbursement is generally about 90% of the actual amount billed.

ANS: 1 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

  1. Which statement about the clinical stage of chronic illness is true?
1.Disability occurs, reducing the patient’s functional ability.
2.Anatomic changes produce physical signs of the disease.
3.Risk factors are present that may or may not be amenable to change.
4.Pathologic changes have not yet produced observable manifestations.

ANS: 2 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. Knowing the theory of family functioning is useful to the nurse when planning care for patients because it:
1.Helps the nurse understand and predict behaviors
2.Provides information regarding specific roles and family rules
3.Promotes cultural awareness via a culturally oriented framework
4.Allows the nurse to assess both individual and family characteristics

ANS: 1 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: Client Needs: Safe Effective Care Environment

  1. Which is the primary reason why people stop taking their prescribed medications? They:
1.Are experiencing uncomfortable side effects
2.Have cognitive impairment related to their chronic illness
3.Are generally noncompliant with most medical treatments
4.Received inadequate teaching about the prescribed drug

ANS: 1 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Evaluation MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

  1. Which is the priority intervention for any patient with a chronic illness?
1.Teach about signs and symptoms that need to be reported.
2.Design diversional activities to distract from chronic pain.
3.Prevent and reduce potential disability.
4.Clarify both the patient’s and nurse’s value systems.

ANS: 3 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Client Needs: Physiological Integrity

  1. Which is a positive indication that a patient is a good candidate for rehabilitation? The patient:
1.Needs more direct physical care than teaching
2.Accepts his or her condition and is motivated to improve
3.Performs self-care well enough to resume employment
4.Needs numerous health care services and team members

ANS: 2 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Evaluation MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

  1. An 81-year-old widower with a chronic illness prefers to live alone but requires daily assistance. Which agency or facility can best address his needs while respecting his need for independence?
1.Respite care services
2.An adult day care center
3.Home health care agency
4.An independent living facility

ANS: 4 PTS: 1

DIF: Category: Emotional needs related to health problems TOP: Nursing Process: Planning

MSC: Client Needs: Safe Effective Care Environment

  1. The Americans with Disabilities Act stipulates that:
1.Hospitals are exempt from its provisions in order to protect public health
2.It is a civil offense to request information from a prospective employee
3.Employers may not ask about disabilities or use tests to eliminate persons with disabilities
4.It is unacceptable for employers to ask about a prospective employee’s ability to perform a job

ANS: 3 PTS: 1 DIF: Category: No applicable category

TOP: Nursing Process: Evaluation MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity

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