Test bank Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema A+

$35.00
Test bank Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema A+
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Test bank Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema A+

$35.00
Test bank Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema A+
  1. The _____ disorders are a group of disorders in which people experience significant physical symptoms for which there is no apparent organic cause.
  2. dissociative
  3. psychotic
  4. adjustment
  5. D. somatic symptom

Page: 152

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Which of the following represents one of the difficulties in diagnosing somatic symptom disorders?
  2. The person is usually unaware of physical symptoms of an ailment.
  3. The person has difficulty pinpointing the physical discomfort.
  4. C. The person may have a real physical problem that is difficult to detect.
  5. The person does not consciously produce or control the symptoms.

Page: 152

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. When a woman believes she is pregnant, but physical examination and laboratory tests show negative results, this syndrome is called _____.
  2. A. pseudocyesis
  3. misconception syndrome
  4. pseudo expectancy
  5. miscarriage

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. _____ was formerly known as hypochondriasis (without physical symptoms).
  2. A. Illness anxiety disorder
  3. Conversion disorder
  4. Factitious disorder
  5. Munchhausen’s syndrome

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

  1. Bethany is experiencing dizziness, head pain and numbness in her lower limbs, all with no apparent medical reason. Bethany is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. pseudocyesis
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Sherry believes that she has a serious illness. She has had severe headaches and tremors for several days with no relief from traditional over-the-counter medicines. Her visit to the doctor revealed no organic reason for the headaches. Unsatisfied with the results, she goes to several other medical professionals for treatment. Sherry is most likely suffering from a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. illness anxiety
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153–154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Marcus spends a lot of time at his physician’s clinic to deal with the pain in his abdomen. He has had several gastrointestinal tests as well as other diagnostic tests taken, but the doctors can find nothing to explain his pain. He spends much time worrying about his mystery pain is something serious. Marcus is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. illness anxiety
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Vickianna’s doctor is trying to diagnose if her condition is an illness anxiety disorder or a somatic symptom disorder. According to the DSM-5, to make the distinction, he should determine if Vickianna _____.
  2. A. has physical symptoms
  3. seeks medical help
  4. has anxious thoughts
  5. experiences acute stress

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Bertram has spent years being concerned about his health even though he has no symptoms or pain. Several years ago, he read an article on tumors and became preoccupied with thoughts about getting a tumor. He rarely seeks medical help and in fact avoids doctors and hospitals. Bertram is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. A. illness anxiety
  3. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

  1. Which of the following disorders may appear similar in their presentation?
  2. Somatic symptom disorder and dissociative identity disorder
  3. Somatic symptom disorder and conversion disorder
  4. C. Somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder
  5. Somatic symptom disorder and body dysmorphic disorder

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. People diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder frequently have periods of all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  2. substance abuse
  3. depression
  4. anxiety
  5. D. psychotic disorders

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the somatic symptom disorder?
  2. Posttraumatic stress disorder is unlikely to lead to somatic symptom disorder.
  3. Somatic symptom disorder is not accompanied by physical symptoms such as aches or pain.
  4. C. Studies have shown that changes in the symptoms of people with somatic symptom disorder mirror their emotional well-being.
  5. A loss of functioning in a part of the body can be the person’s only complaint in somatic symptom disorder.

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the somatic symptom disorder in the United States?
  2. Children rarely complain of somatic symptoms.
  3. Adolescents are the most common group to be diagnosed with the disorder.
  4. Middle-aged adults are more likely to report somatic symptoms than older adults.
  5. D. Older adults are more likely to report multiple somatic symptoms than middle-aged adults.

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Family studies suggest that somatic symptom disorders run primarily among _____ relatives, and _____ relatives have higher rates of alcoholism.
  2. female; female
  3. B. female; male
  4. male; male
  5. male; female

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Herman has been diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder. He often misinterprets his bodily symptoms, which results in increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and dizziness. He states regularly, “If the pain doesn’t stop soon, it will probably cause damage to the other parts of my body.” Herman is most likely catastrophizing his symptoms. This maladaptive way of thinking is linked with the _____ theoretical perspective.
  2. A. cognitive
  3. behavioral
  4. psychodynamic
  5. existential

Page: 155–156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Studies of refugees who fled to the United States found that these groups often had:
  2. posttraumatic stress disorder and conversion disorder.
  3. posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder.
  4. C. posttraumatic stress disorder and somatic symptom disorder
  5. posttraumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. Which treatment focuses on helping clients recall events and memories that may have triggered their somatization symptoms?
  2. A. Psychodynamic
  3. Cognitive-behavioral
  4. Behavioral
  5. Existential

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. In the treatment of somatic symptom disorder, _____ therapies attempt to determine and eliminate the reinforcements individuals receive for their symptoms, while increasing positive rewards for healthy behavior.
  2. A. behavioral
  3. cognitive
  4. psychodynamic
  5. humanistic

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. According to DSM-5, which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for illness anxiety disorder?
  2. Somatic symptoms must be present that are severe in intensity.
  3. Illness preoccupation should have been present for at least one month.
  4. C. The individual must perform excessive health related behaviors.
  5. The individual should show symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function.

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

  1. Cognitive therapies for somatic symptom disorder focus on:
  2. A. challenging the client’s maladaptive interpretations of physical symptoms and teaching them techniques for appropriate interpretations.
  3. identifying the behavioral reinforcers that contribute to the manifestation of symptoms.
  4. providing insight into the client’s somatization symptoms and discussing early childhood experiences.
  5. designing a behavior modification plan with punishers to discourage maladaptive ways of thinking.

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. People with conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder):
  2. are typically physically challenged from birth.
  3. tend to assume that serious illnesses are uncommon.
  4. C. have symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function.
  5. are not usually prone to chronic depression and anxiety.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Which of the following somatic symptom disorders is considered to be the most dramatic due to symptoms like blindness, seizures, loss of hearing, and mutism?
  2. Social anxiety disorder
  3. B. Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)
  4. Somatic symptom disorder
  5. Posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true of conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?
  2. A. The conversion symptom develops after a trauma or psychological stressor.
  3. Conversion disorder is quite common, with a high lifetime prevalence rate.
  4. Loss of bodily functioning in conversion disorder is due to subconscious processes.
  5. Conversion disorder typically involves multiple symptoms during a single episode of conversion.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) is usually characterized by:
  2. A. sensory and motor deficits.
  3. loss of memory.
  4. pain in different areas of the body.
  5. multiple personalities.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Lorna found her husband dead in their bedroom. He had been shot in the chest. After this incident, Lorna has been unable to see. Lorna is most likely exhibiting a symptom of _____ disorder.
  2. dissociative
  3. factitious
  4. C. conversion
  5. malingering

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Jaclyn has been complaining for several weeks that she has lost all feeling in her right hand. A medical examination revealed no nerve damage. However, Jaclyn insists that something is wrong because she feels as though she has on a tight glove. Jaclyn is mostly experiencing _____ anesthesia associated with _____.
  2. local; body dysmorphic disorder
  3. regional; illness anxiety disorder
  4. general; somatic symptom disorder
  5. D. glove; conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Freud and his contemporaries viewed conversion symptoms as the result of:
  2. the unconscious state of mind attempting to control the conscious state of mind.
  3. the id trying to surpass the functioning of the ego and super ego.
  4. C. the transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories to physical symptoms.
  5. the displacement of unconscious anxiety onto a neutral or symbolic object.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. According to Freud’s explanation of the conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder), which of the following best describes secondary gain?
  2. The reduction in anxiety as a result of repressed emotions being released physically
  3. B. The attention and sympathy received as a result of the symptom complaints
  4. The lack of concern or distress in the wake of a traumatic event
  5. The hysteria that comes with the repression of agonizing memories

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Secondary Gain

  1. It was observed during the two world wars that many soldiers would report to have become inexplicably paralyzed or blind and therefore were unable to return to the front. Most of them seemed unconcerned about their paralysis or blindness. This phenomenon is known as _____.
  2. A. la belle indifference
  3. coup d’état
  4. esprit de corps
  5. sang-froid

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true of conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?
  2. Research studies have shown that people with conversion symptoms are not hypnotizable.
  3. The symptoms of conversion disorder are usually clear-cut, and, hence, there is little room for misdiagnosis.
  4. C. Impaired connectivity between sensory or motor areas of the brain is likely to cause conversion disorder.
  5. Physiological tests often give definitive proof that a person’s symptoms do not have physical causes.

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. People with conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder):
  2. usually seek psychological treatment for physical symptoms.
  3. B. can be difficult to treat because they cannot believe the ailment is psychological.
  4. are usually aware of a traumatic experience that could have precipitated the disorder.
  5. identify with more than three personalities within themselves.

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. _____ treatments for conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) focus on relieving the person’s anxiety around the initial trauma that caused the conversion symptoms and on reducing any benefits the person is receiving from the conversion symptoms.
  2. Humanistic
  3. B. Behavioral
  4. Cognitive
  5. Psychoanalytic

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. Factitious disorders are also referred to as _____.
  2. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  3. Down syndrome
  4. C. Munchhausen’s syndrome
  5. Tourette’s syndrome

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

  1. Mary created an illness in her younger daughter to draw attention to herself. This is known as a _____.
  2. psychosomatic disorder imposed on self
  3. factitious disorder imposed on self
  4. C. factitious disorder imposed on another
  5. somatic symptom disorder imposed on another

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

  1. Candice faked her symptoms to gain medical attention. She exaggerated her symptoms to the point that exploratory surgery was conducted. Candice most likely has a _____.
  2. factitious disorder imposed on another
  3. B. factitious disorder imposed on self
  4. somatic symptom disorder
  5. psychosomatic disorder

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

  1. Somatic symptom disorders and dissociative disorders are considered by some theorists to be the result of a psychological process known as _____, in which different parts of an individual’s identity, memories, or consciousness split off from one another.
  2. dissolution
  3. disintegration
  4. degeneration
  5. D. dissociation

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. The idea that dissociation is a process in which systems of ideas are split off from consciousness but are accessible through dreams and hypnosis was conceptualized by _____.
  2. Jean Piaget
  3. Thomas Simon
  4. C. Pierre Janet
  5. Alfred Binet

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. In Hilgard’s study on the “hidden observer” phenomenon, he argued that there are two modes of consciousness: the _____ mode the and _____ mode.
  2. repressive; active
  3. B. active; receptive
  4. receptive; suppressive
  5. suppressive; repressive

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. The active mode in Hilgard’s study referred to:
  2. the unconscious state of mind that creates pleasant memories.
  3. the conscious state of mind that registers and stores information without being aware that the information has been processed.
  4. the mind’s short-term or working memory that can only hold information for up to 20 seconds.
  5. D. the conscious state of mind that includes a person’s conscious plans and desires and voluntary actions.

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. For most people, the active mode and receptive mode:
  2. act as separate entities.
  3. B. weave experiences together so seamlessly that no division is noticed.
  4. work together to process and store only our most pleasant memories.
  5. hide the true meaning of a person’s dissociative experiences.

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. Dissociative identity disorder was formerly known as _____ disorder.
  2. bipolar
  3. multiple disintegration
  4. C. multiple personality
  5. dissociative personality

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. Which of the following dissociative disorders is characterized by a person developing one or more distinct personalities?
  2. A. Dissociative identity disorder
  3. Dissociative fugue
  4. Dissociative amnesia
  5. Depersonalization/derealization disorder

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following individuals is most likely to receive a diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Shiloh makes repetitive strange utterances and movements as if in a trance.
  3. Jack often wanders away from his home and returns home when he chooses to.
  4. C. Ellen appears to have alternate personalities that are extremely different from each other.
  5. Ronald often inflicts self-injuries consciously and turns up at hospitals.

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. A person diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder may have several alters. An alter is a(n):
  2. A. alternate personality.
  3. alternate mood.
  4. repressed memory.
  5. out-of-body experience.

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following is the most common alter found in people with dissociative identity disorder?
  2. The helper
  3. The host
  4. The persecutor
  5. D. The child

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. In dissociative identity disorder, an alter that inflicts pain or punishment on the other personalities by engaging in self-injurious behaviors (such as self-cutting or self-burning) and suicide attempts is called _____.
  2. the oppressor
  3. B. the persecutor
  4. the tyrant
  5. the bully

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following is considered to be the most dangerous alter found in dissociative identity disorder?
  2. The helper
  3. The host
  4. C. The persecutor
  5. The child

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following alters found in dissociative identity disorder offers advice to the other personalities or performs behaviors the host is unable to handle?
  2. A. The helper
  3. The host
  4. The persecutor
  5. The child

Page: 161–162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following is true of dissociative identity disorder (DID)?
  2. The host is always in control of the other alters.
  3. The alters in DID are not aware of each other.
  4. C. People diagnosed with DID claim to have significant periods of amnesia.
  5. Persecutor alters are often responsible for switching between personalities.

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. A disorder that has high comorbidity with DID is _____.
  2. A. post-traumatic stress disorder
  3. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  4. somatoform disorder
  5. autism spectrum disorder

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Lucas reported to his therapist that he hears several voices in his head and that some of his actions or words are being controlled by other people inside him. Lucas’s symptoms are representative of _____ disorder.
  2. somatic symptom
  3. narcissistic personality
  4. C. dissociative identity
  5. histrionic personality

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following explains why dissociative identity disorder was not diagnosed before 1980?
  2. The symptoms were rarely reported prior to 1980.
  3. B. There was no such diagnostic category in the DSM-II.
  4. The disorder lacked empirical evidence until after 1980.
  5. No DSM existed prior to 1980.

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. When people with dissociative identity disorder report hearing voices talking inside their heads, they may be misdiagnosed as having _____.
  2. bipolar disorder with psychotic features
  3. B. schizophrenia
  4. major depressive disorder
  5. brief psychotic disorder

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. In which of the following countries is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed most frequently?
  2. A. United States
  3. Great Britain
  4. Japan
  5. India

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Some studies suggest that _____ may be more likely than other ethnic groups to experience dissociative symptoms in response to traumas.
  2. African Americans
  3. B. Latinos
  4. Asians
  5. Native Americans

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. DSM-5 has added the words _____ to the DID criterion A. This makes the criteria more applicable to diverse cultural groups and to identify a common presentation of DID in non-Western cultures as well as subgroups in Western cultures.
  2. A. “or an experience of possession”
  3. “communing with god”
  4. “and a spiritual trance”
  5. “or a religious possession”

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Dissociative symptoms may be part of the syndrome of _____, a culturally accepted reaction to stress among Latinos.
  2. A. ataque de nervios
  3. mal de ojo
  4. susto
  5. amok

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following is the most common contributor to dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Genetic predisposition to the disorder
  3. B. Chronic physical or sexual abuse during childhood
  4. Low socioeconomic family status
  5. Presence of several other mental disorders

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. People who develop dissociative identity disorder tend to be:
  2. less suggestible and hypnotizable.
  3. somewhat suggestible and hypnotizable.
  4. C. highly suggestible and hypnotizable.
  5. suggestible and hypnotizable to a small extent.

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following is a treatment goal for dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Identifying ways to help clients create a hierarchy of traumatic experiences and learning relaxation techniques to handle the stressors
  3. B. Helping the client work through the trauma to integrate all the alternative personalities into one coherent personality
  4. Identifying the traumatic experience and implementing behavior modification to reward or punish the alters
  5. Helping the host concentrate on health-enhancing behaviors using exercise and dietary supplements

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following is a reason an individual may develop dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Inability to control their behavior
  3. B. As a strategy to cope with traumas
  4. In order to gain attention for themselves
  5. Constant preoccupation with illness

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Which of the following techniques is heavily used to contact alters in the case of dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Channeling
  3. Dream analysis
  4. C. Hypnosis
  5. Memory exercises

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. In the case of dissociative identity disorder, patients who are able to integrate their personalities are:
  2. more likely to relapse with more serious problems.
  3. B. more likely to remain relatively free from the symptoms and reduce medication.
  4. more likely to develop severe symptoms of other psychological disorders.
  5. encouraged to discontinue psychotherapy to measure the effectiveness of the treatment.

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. Amnesia is categorized as either _____ or _____.
  2. organic; physiological
  3. physiological; neurotic
  4. psychotic; psychogenic
  5. D. psychogenic; organic

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Which of the following is true of organic amnesia?
  2. Organic amnesia is often caused by psychosocial factors.
  3. Organic amnesia typically involves anterograde and retrograde amnesia.
  4. C. Organic amnesia is caused by brain injury.
  5. Organic amnesia results from early childhood conflicts.

Page: 164–165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Organic amnesia often involves the inability to remember new information, known as _____ amnesia.
  2. A. anterograde
  3. retrograde
  4. retrospective
  5. regressive

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Karen had a hiking accident that resulted in head trauma. She now has difficulty remembering new information. Karen’s amnesia would be categorized as _____.
  2. A. anterograde
  3. infantile
  4. psychogenic
  5. retrograde

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. The inability to remember information from the past is known as _____ amnesia.
  2. anterograde
  3. B. retrograde
  4. retrospective
  5. regressive

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Marsha has dementia. It is becoming increasingly difficulty for her to remember her past. Sometimes she forgets her children’s names. Marsha’s amnesia would be categorized as _____.
  2. anterograde
  3. infantile
  4. factitious
  5. D. retrograde

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Robert has an accident when he is out trekking with his friends. He cannot recall anything that happened just before slipping and hitting his head on a boulder. He most likely has _____.
  2. psychogenic amnesia
  3. anterograde amnesia
  4. C. retrograde amnesia
  5. repressive amnesia

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. When retrograde amnesia is due to organic causes, people will typically remember:
  2. where they lived.
  3. B. their personal identities.
  4. the names of their children.
  5. major historical events of the period.

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Korsakoff’s syndrome is characterized by:
  2. A. global retrograde amnesia associated with severe alcohol consumption.
  3. anterograde amnesia resulting from structural damage to the brain.
  4. anterograde and retrograde amnesia due to organic and psychological factors.
  5. a fugue state that results in loss of identity and the creation of a new identity.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Brian has a history of drinking heavily before going to bed. His family accuses him of kicking the dog, breaking several dishes, and being verbally abusive on several occasions. Brown recalls none of these incidents and soon begins to forget personal information as well. Brown’s memory loss is most likely related to _____.
  2. A. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  3. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  4. general anxiety disorder (GAD)
  5. depersonalization

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Verna has no idea how she ended up in her current surroundings. She feels comfortable and is not bothered by the fact that she cannot remember her past. Verna is most likely to be experiencing a(n) _____.
  2. A. dissociative amnesia with dissociative fugue
  3. anterograde amnesia
  4. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  5. unconscious fugue

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

  1. Steven left his home abruptly without taking any of his belongings. He relocated to a nearby town. Several months later, he returned to his old home with no memory of his travel. Steven would most likely be diagnosed with _____.
  2. schizophrenia
  3. dissociative identity disorder
  4. C. dissociative amnesia with dissociative fugue
  5. depersonalization/derealization disorder

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

  1. Janet has been diagnosed with dissociative fugue. She is typically likely to:
  2. A. experience autobiographical memory loss.
  3. exhibit signs of a false pregnancy.
  4. exhibit maladaptive avoidance.
  5. experience a high level of anxiety about personal health.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

  1. Which of the following statements is true of psychogenic amnesia?
  2. It often involves anterograde amnesia.
  3. It typically involves the inability to remember new information.
  4. It involves a generalized loss of memory for the past.
  5. D. It involves memory loss that is limited to personal information.

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Unlike a person with dissociative identity disorder, a person in a fugue state:
  2. A. will behave quite normally in the new environment.
  3. will maintain his or her original identity in the fugue state.
  4. will remember what happened during the fugue state.
  5. will find it hard to cope in the new environment.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

  1. The main difference between dissociative amnesia with versus without the specification of dissociative fugue is that:
  2. people with dissociative amnesia typically leave home and create a new life for themselves in another area, while people with dissociative fugue do not take flight and create new identities.
  3. B. people with dissociative fugue typically leave home and create a new life for themselves in another area, while people with dissociative amnesia do not take flight and create new identities.
  4. people with dissociative amnesia typically create alternative personalities, whereas people with dissociative fugue typically do not create new identities.
  5. people with dissociative fugue typically maintain their original personalities, whereas people with dissociative amnesia create new identities.

Page: 165–166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

Topic: Fugue State

  1. One complication that arises in diagnosing amnesias is the possibility that:
  2. A. amnesias may be faked by people to escape punishment for crimes committed.
  3. amnesias may be the result of using dissociation as a defense against intolerable memories or stressors.
  4. amnesia may occur at a high state of arousal where the person cannot encode and store information.
  5. people may forget some, but not all, events that may therefore lead to an inconclusive diagnosis.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Many courts deny the use of hypnosis in the case of dissociative amnesia because of the possibility that:
  2. the individual may not be able to come out of the hypnotic state.
  3. B. hypnosis will “create” memories through the power of suggestion.
  4. hypnosis can lead to permanent memory loss.
  5. some individuals are not suggestible and cannot be hypnotized.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Amnesia is frequently seen in murder cases with _____ percent of people arrested for homicide claiming to have amnesia.
  2. 0–15
  3. 15–30
  4. C. 25–45
  5. 50–75

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Depersonalization/derealization disorder is characterized by:
  2. the person suddenly taking flight, moving to another area, and creating a new identity.
  3. the presence of one or more distinct personalities vying for control of the individual.
  4. C. experiences in which the person feels detached from his/her mental processes, body, or surroundings.
  5. the person’s inability to remember specific events, time periods, or personal information.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

  1. To receive a diagnosis of depersonalization/derealization disorder, the person must:
  2. A. have frequent and distressing episodes of detachment from self or surroundings that disrupt functioning.
  3. have been under the influence of an illicit drug or be chronically sleep deprived.
  4. have alternating personalities trying to gain control.
  5. have been exposed to a traumatic event such as sexual assault.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

  1. Repressed memories represent a form of _____.
  2. somatization
  3. factitious disorders.
  4. depersonalization
  5. D. dissociative amnesia

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. Experiences of unreality or detachment with respect to surroundings are typical of individuals diagnosed with:
  2. dissociative fugue.
  3. factitious disorder imposed on another.
  4. illness anxiety disorder.
  5. D. depersonalization/derealization disorder.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

  1. Memories formed before the age of _____ tend to be sketchy.
  2. A. 3
  3. 5
  4. 7
  5. 10

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. To test how easy it is to create a false memory, Elizabeth Loftus designed a series of studies around _____.
  2. being sexually abused
  3. B. being lost at the mall
  4. seeing a bus exploding
  5. seeing satanic ritual abuse

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. Elizabeth Loftus’s “lost at the mall” studies showed how easy it is to _____.
  2. A. create a false memory
  3. reveal repressed memories
  4. use hypnotism to uncover memories
  5. use sodium amatol to uncover lost memories

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. Freyd and colleagues (2007) suggest that individuals who dissociate from, and forget, their abusive experiences are most likely to perform differently from other individuals in _____.
  2. identifying emotions
  3. motor skills tests
  4. C. cognitive tasks
  5. routine activities

Page: 169

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. What is somatic symptom disorder? How is it different from illness anxiety disorders, factitious disorders imposed on self, factitious disorders imposed on another, and conversion disorders (functional neurological symptom disorders)?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Somatic symptom disorders—people experience physical symptoms, no apparent organic cause, psychological factors are involved, symptoms not consciously produced or controlled

▪ Illness anxiety disorder—anxiety about getting or having a disorder, do not always experience physical symptoms

▪ Factitious disorders imposed on self-faking an illness to gain medical attention

▪ Factitious disorder imposed on another—parents fake or create illnesses in their children to gain attention for themselves

▪ Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)—People with this disorder lose neurological functioning in parts of their bodies, apparently not due to medical causes.

Page: 152–155

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

  1. What is conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)? What are some of the common types of conversion symptoms?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)—loss of functioning in a particular body part, person can have repeated episodes of conversion involving different parts of the body

▪ Symptoms—paralysis, blindness, mutism, seizures, loss of hearing, severe loss of coordination, anesthesia in a limb, symptoms develop after an extreme psychological stressor.

Page: 157–158

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. How did the psychoanalytic theory interpret conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Psychoanalytic theory—glove anesthesia, hypnosis, transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories into physical symptoms

Page: 157–158

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

  1. What is factitious disorder imposed on self? What is factitious disorder imposed on another? What are some of the costs to a child whose mother has Munchhausen’s or factitious syndrome?

▪ Factitious disorders imposed on self-faking an illness to gain medical attention

▪ Factitious disorder by imposed on another—parents fake or create illnesses in their children to gain attention for themselves

▪ The text covers the case of a child that went through 200 hospitalizations and 40 operations due to her mother’s syndrome.

Page: 158–159

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

  1. What is dissociative identity disorder (DID)? What are its symptoms?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ DID—more than one distinct identity or personality (alter) takes control over individual’s behavior on a regular basis.

▪ There are recurrent gaps in everyday events, important personal information, and/or traumatic events that are inconsistent with ordinary forgetting.

▪ Symptoms—alters (child, persecutor, helper), amnesia, self-destructive behavior, hearing voices inside their heads; children show behavioral and emotional problems such as poor school performance, antisocial behavior, sexual relations, alcohol/drug abuse, PTSD, outbursts of anger, deep depression, and severe anxiety

Page: 162-163

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. What are some of the issues in diagnosing dissociative identity disorder (DID)? What are some of the reasons for cross-national differences in the diagnosis rates of DID?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Issues—DID was first included in the third edition of the DSM and was often misdiagnosed as schizophrenia; people with DID often are also diagnosed with at least three other disorders, other disorders diagnosed may be the result of DID

▪ Cross-national differences in rates of diagnosis—diagnosed more frequently in the United States, Latinos more likely to experience symptoms; some researchers argue that psychiatrists in the United States are too quick to diagnose DID, while others argue that psychiatrists in other countries misdiagnose it as another disorder

Page: 162–163

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

  1. What is dissociative amnesia? What is meant by organic and psychogenic amnesia?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Dissociative amnesia—people have significant periods of amnesia but do not assume new personalities or identities, cannot remember important facts about their lives and their personal identities, are aware that there are large gaps in their memory of themselves

▪ Organic amnesia—brain injury resulting from disease, drugs, or surgery; may involve anterograde amnesia

▪ Psychogenic amnesia—psychological causes (no brain injury), rarely involves anterograde amnesia, may involve retrograde amnesia

▪ Specify with dissociative fugue if there is apparently purposeful travel or bewildered wandering that is associated with amnesia for identity or other autobiographical information.

Page: 164–165

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Briefly discuss the differences between psychogenic and organic amnesia.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Psychogenic amnesia—Caused by psychological factors, seldom involves anterograde amnesia (inability to learn new information acquired since onset of amnesia), can involve retrograde amnesia (inability to remember events from the past), retrograde amnesia often only for personal, not for general, information

▪ Organic amnesia—Caused by biological factors (such as disease, drugs, and blows to the head), often involves anterograde amnesia, can involve retrograde amnesia, retrograde amnesia usually for both personal and general information

Page: 165

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

  1. Describe dissociative fugue and some of its key characteristics.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Dissociative fugue—person will suddenly move to a new place, assume a new identity, no memory of previous identity, will behave normally in new environment, cannot remember anything from the past, may return to previous identity and home, resumes life as if nothing happened, no memory for what happened during the fugue

▪ Characteristics—fugue may last for days or years, person may experience repeated fugue states or a single episode, often is a response to chronic stress or a traumatic event, common in people who are highly hypnotizable and have histories of amnesia, low prevalence

Page: 166

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

  1. Imagine yourself as a juror in the following murder case (from Loftus, 1993). The defendant is George Franklin, Sr., 51 years old, standing trial for a murder that occurred more than 20 years earlier. The victim was eightyear-old Susan Kay Nason. Franklin’s daughter, Eileen, only eight years old herself at the time of the murder, provided the major evidence against her father. Eileen’s memory of the murder, however, had re-emerged only recently, after 20 years of being repressed.

Eileen’s memory first began to come back when she was playing with her two-year-old son and her five-year-old daughter. At one moment, her daughter looked up and asked a question like “Isn’t that right, Mommy?” A memory of Susan Nason suddenly came to Eileen. She recalled the look of betrayal in Susie’s eyes just before the murder. Later, more fragments would return, until Eileen had a rich and detailed memory. She remembered her father sexually assaulting Susie in the back of a van. She remembered that Susie was struggling as she said “No, don’t!” and “Stop!” She remembered her father saying “Now, Susie,” and she even mimicked his precise intonation. Next, her memory took the three of them outside the van, where she saw her father raise a rock above his head. She remembered screaming and walking back to where Susie lay, covered with blood, the silver ring on her finger smashed.

When questioned by prosecutors, Eileen was highly confident in her memory. Based on what we have learned in class, and what was covered in your text, would you convict George Franklin of the murder of Susan Nason? Why or why not? (Discussion appears on p. 482 at the back of this book.)

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

  • Many theorists who study dissociative identity disorder view it as the result of coping strategies used by persons faced with intolerable trauma—most often childhood sexual and/or physical abuse
  • Numerous studies from the literature on eyewitness identification and testimony indicating that people can be made to believe certain events occurred that in fact never happened and that these beliefs can persist for months or years
  • Loftus’s “lost at the mall” studies
  • Ost et al., London bus explosion study
  • McNally et al., alien abduction studies

Page: 167–169

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

Category # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 90

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology. 62

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains. 13

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology. 19

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy. 2

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry. 4

Bloom’s: Apply 19

Bloom’s: Remember 48

Bloom’s: Understand 33

Difficulty: Difficult 9

Difficulty: Easy 47

Difficulty: Moderate 44

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders. 39

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders. 61

Topic: Conversion Disorder 13

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder 3

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia 17

Topic: Dissociative Disorders 14

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder 22

Topic: Factitious Disorder 4

Topic: Fugue State 6

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder 5

Topic: Secondary Gain 1

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder 18

Chapter 07

Mood Disorders and Suicide

  1. A loss of interest or pleasure in previously enjoyed activities is called _____.
  2. depression
  3. anxiety
  4. C. anhedonia
  5. dissociation

Page: 174

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Individuals with _____ walk, gesture, and talk slowly. On the other hand, people with _____ can’t sit still and may move around or fidget aimlessly.
  2. psychomotor agitation; psychomotor retardation
  3. B. psychomotor retardation; psychomotor agitation
  4. psychomotor atrophy; psychomotor dystrophy
  5. psychomotor dystrophy; psychomotor atrophy

Page: 174

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. In severe cases of depression, individuals experience _____ that refers to beliefs with no basis in reality and _____, which refers to seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not real.
  2. A. delusions; hallucinations
  3. hallucinations; delusions
  4. agoraphobia; paranoia
  5. paranoia; agoraphobia

Page: 174

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Jamie says that he hears voices telling him to hurt himself. This type of symptom is called a(n) _____.
  2. delusion
  3. B. hallucination
  4. suspicion
  5. obsession

Page: 174–175

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. If a person experiences a loss of interest in usual activities and at least four other depressive symptoms chronically for at least two weeks, and these symptoms are severe enough to interfere with the person’s ability to function in everyday life, the person meets the criteria for _____.
  2. adjustment disorder
  3. B. major depressive disorder
  4. depression with psychotic features
  5. bipolar disorder

Page: 175

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. If a person experiences depressed mood plus two other symptoms of depression for at least two years, and during the two years he or she has not been without depressive symptoms for more than two months, the person is most likely to be diagnosed with _____.
  2. postpartum depression
  3. B. persistent depressive disorder
  4. major depression
  5. seasonal affective disorder

Page: 176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Persistent Depressive Disorder

  1. Which of the following is true of the difference between persistent depressive disorder and major depressive disorder?
  2. Major depressive disorder is less severe and more chronic than persistent depressive disorder.
  3. Major depressive disorder is less severe and less chronic than persistent depressive disorder.
  4. Major depressive disorder is more severe and more chronic than persistent depressive disorder.
  5. D. Major depressive disorder is more severe and less chronic than persistent depressive disorder.

Page: 175–176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

Topic: Persistent Depressive Disorder

  1. In the DSM-5, dysthymic disorder is termed _____.
  2. major depression
  3. major depression, recurrent
  4. C. persistent depressive disorder
  5. unipolar depression

Page: 176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Persistent Depressive Disorder

  1. Which of the following disorders most commonly occurs with persistent depressive disorder?
  2. A. Anxiety disorders
  3. Dissociative disorders
  4. Personality disorders
  5. Psychotic disorders

Page: 176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Persistent Depressive Disorder

  1. The combination of major depression and anxiety is so common that the authors of the DSM-5 introduced the subtype of _____.
  2. A. anxious distress
  3. chronic depressive disorder
  4. generalized anxiety depression
  5. major depression, recurrent episode

Page: 176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Individuals suffering from depression with _____ features show strange behaviors ranging from a complete lack of movement to excited agitation.
  2. melancholic
  3. psychotic
  4. C. catatonic
  5. atypical

Page: 176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Martha gave birth to twins two weeks ago. She finds herself weeping while she is changing the twins or feeding them. She is irritable and has had little sleep since their birth. Martha feels guilt and shame because she says a good mother would be able to take care of her children. The subtype of major depression Martha is most likely suffering from is depression with:
  2. atypical features.
  3. melancholic features.
  4. C. peripartum onset.
  5. catatonic features.

Page: 176–177

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Bart has been diagnosed with major depression. Recently, he has been experiencing hallucinations. He sees mystical beings cloaked in white swooping down from the sky trying to “whisk” him away. Bart is most likely experiencing major depression with _____ features.
  2. catatonic
  3. B. psychotic
  4. melancholic
  5. atypical

Page: 176

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true about individuals with seasonal affective disorder (SAD)?
  2. They have a history of at least two years of experiencing major depressive episodes with little or no recovery.
  3. They become depressed when the daylight hours are long and recover when the daylight hours are shorter.
  4. C. They do not experience mood changes as a result of psychosocial events, such as regularly being unemployed during the winter.
  5. They are generally depressed all year long with very little variation in their moods.

Page: 177

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. In the United States, which of the following age groups is more likely to have had a major depressive episode in the past year?
  2. 10- to 17-year-olds
  3. B. 18- to 29-year-olds
  4. 30- to 42-year-olds
  5. 43- to 52-year-olds

Page: 177

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. The diagnosis of depression in older adults is complicated because:
  2. most older adults tend to exaggerate their symptoms.
  3. B. their symptoms often occur in the context of medical illnesses.
  4. most claims made by the elderly are just cries for attention.
  5. it is easy to distinguish between a depressive disorder and cognitive disorder.

Page: 177

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Which of the following is the most common explanation given by researchers for the low rate of depression among older adults?
  2. Older people generally develop dementia, so they don’t know they are depressed.
  3. B. As people age, they develop adaptive coping skills and a psychologically healthier outlook on life.
  4. Older adults tend to be in denial regarding the status of their psychological well-being.
  5. The elderly usually decline requests for participation in research studies on mental health.

Page: 178

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. _____ to experience mild depressive symptoms and severe depressive disorders.
  2. Men are about twice as likely as women
  3. B. Women are about twice as likely as men
  4. Men and women are equally likely
  5. Women are five times more likely than men

Page: 178

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. As many as _____ percent of people who experience a first episode of depression will experience subsequent episodes.
  2. 10
  3. 25
  4. 50
  5. D. 75

Page: 178

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements about depression is true?
  2. Depression is chronic, and people diagnosed with its symptoms are unlikely to recover, even with treatment.
  3. People with major depression lose an average of 60 days of work per year.
  4. C. People with depression often do not seek treatment, as they expect to overcome their symptoms on their own.
  5. The majority of people with depression seek treatment as soon as symptoms first appear.

Page: 179

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. A person filled with grandiose self-esteem, displaying rapid speech and impulsive behaviors, and showing an elevated, expansive, or irritable mood for at least one week is exhibiting symptoms of _____.
  2. A. mania
  3. OCD
  4. stress
  5. catatonia

Page: 179

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. People with bipolar II disorder experience episodes that meet the criteria for major depression, but have:
  2. A. milder episodes of mania known as hypomania.
  3. stronger episodes of mania known as hypermania.
  4. milder symptoms of psychomotor retardation.
  5. stronger symptoms of psychomotor agitation.

Page: 179

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. One major difference between hypomania and mania is that the symptoms of hypomania:
  2. do not last for more than two consecutive days.
  3. usually involves delusions.
  4. interfere with daily functioning.
  5. D. do not involve hallucinations.

Page: 179

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Which of the following is true of the difference between cyclothymic disorder and bipolar disorder?
  2. A. Cyclothymic disorder is less severe and more chronic than bipolar disorder.
  3. Cyclothymic disorder is less severe and less chronic than bipolar disorder.
  4. Cyclothymic disorder is more severe and more chronic than bipolar disorder.
  5. Cyclothymic disorder is more severe and less chronic than bipolar disorder.

Page: 180

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

Topic: Cyclothymic Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true of mood disorders?
  2. A major depressive episode is necessary for a diagnosis of bipolar I disorder.
  3. Hypomania is a diagnostic criterion for bipolar II disorder but not for cyclothymic disorder.
  4. The level of social and occupational functioning of bipolar I and bipolar II disorders are identical.
  5. D. A diagnosis of cyclothymic disorder requires that the person alternates between cycles of hypomania and depression.

Page: 180

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Cyclothymic Disorder

  1. Which of the following is true of bipolar disorder?
  2. Only about 10 percent of people with bipolar disorder have multiple cycles during their lifetimes.
  3. B. The length of individual episodes of bipolar disorder varies greatly from one person to the next.
  4. Most people with bipolar disorder swing from mania to depression and back again within a day.
  5. A relatively common pattern in bipolar disorder is for episodes to get longer but less frequent over time.

Page: 181

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. _____ cycles of mania and depression within a year lead to a diagnosis of rapid cycling bipolar I disorder.
  2. Two or more
  3. Three
  4. C. Four or more
  5. Less than three

Page: 181

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. The agitation and risky behavior accompanying mania in youth are difficult to distinguish from the symptoms of _____.
  2. catatonia
  3. B. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  4. obsessive-compulsive disorder
  5. separation anxiety disorder

Page: 181

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. According to the DSM-5, which of the following is an appropriate diagnostic criterion for disruptive mood dysregulation disorder?
  2. Symptoms must first occur before age six.
  3. Symptoms must be present for at least three months.
  4. The individual’s mood must be stable between temper outbursts.
  5. D. Temper outbursts must occur at least three times per week for at least 12 months.

Page: 181

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

  1. Which of the following is true about the prevalence of bipolar disorder?
  2. Women are more likely than men to develop bipolar disorder.
  3. Men are more likely than women to develop bipolar disorder.
  4. C. Women and men are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder.
  5. Men are three times as likely than women to develop bipolar disorder.

Page: 182

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Which of the following is true of bipolar disorder?
  2. Most people who develop bipolar disorder do so in early to late adulthood.
  3. B. Biological factors may be more responsible for bipolar disorder than for depressive disorder.
  4. People with bipolar disorder are less likely to abuse substances than those with other disorders.
  5. The prevalence of bipolar disorder is higher than that of depression.

Page: 182

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. _____ have a higher-than-normal prevalence of mania and depression.
  2. Athletes
  3. Political leaders
  4. C. Creative artists
  5. Academicians

Page: 182

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following is true about the genetic factors of depression?
  2. First-degree relatives of people with depression are not likely to have depression themselves.
  3. Twin studies of major depression find lower concordance rates for monozygotic twins than for dizygotic twins.
  4. C. Abnormalities on the serotonin transporter gene could affect the stability of individuals’ moods.
  5. It has been proven that genetics plays a greater role in this disorder for women than for men.

Page: 183

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. The neurotransmitters that have been implicated most often in depression are the _____.
  2. A. monoamines
  3. opioids
  4. secretins
  5. endorphins

Page: 183

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. In the brain, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin are found in large quantities in the _____.
  2. hypothalamus
  3. hippocampus
  4. C. limbic system
  5. amygdala

Page: 183

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. The anterior cingulate cortex plays an important role in _____.
  2. sexual urges
  3. primitive responses
  4. impulsive behaviors
  5. D. responses to stress

Page: 184

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. Which of the following brain abnormalities have been implicated in depression?
  2. An increase in the volume of gray matter in the prefrontal cortex.
  3. Higher levels of brain-wave activity on the left side of the prefrontal cortex.
  4. Greater volume and higher metabolic activity in the hippocampus.
  5. D. An enlargement of and increased activity in the amygdala.

Page: 184

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. The amygdala plays an important role in:
  2. short-term memory, planning, and problem solving.
  3. emotional expression and social behavior.
  4. memory and fear-related learning.
  5. D. directing attention to emotionally salient stimuli.

Page: 184

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. Chronic elevated levels of cortisol in the hippocampus may:
  2. promote the development of new neurons in the hippocampus.
  3. B. cause chronic arousal of the body’s stress response.
  4. further an individual’s memory and fear-related learning.
  5. lead to chronic atrophy of areas of the brain associated with anhedonia.

Page: 184

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. The effects of overactivity in the _____ may bias people toward aversive or emotionally arousing information.
  2. anterior cingulate
  3. B. amygdala
  4. hippocampus
  5. prefrontal cortex

Page: 184–185

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. People with depression tend to show:
  2. A. chronic hyperactivity in the HPA axis.
  3. low activity in the HPA axis.
  4. normal activity in the HPA axis.
  5. no activity in the HPA axis.

Page: 185

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. Chronic excessive exposure to cortisol:
  2. may account for the increase in volume of several areas of the brain.
  3. B. has an inhibiting effect on receptors for the monoamine neurotransmitters.
  4. is likely to cause higher metabolic activity in the hippocampus.
  5. produces a highly regulated neuroendocrine system that functions efficiently.

Page: 185

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. Changes in the ovarian hormones, estrogen and progesterone, affect the _____ and _____ neurotransmitter systems.
  2. dopamine; GABA
  3. B. serotonin; norepinephrine
  4. dopamine; norepinephrine
  5. serotonin; GABA

Page: 185

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. According to behavioral theories of depression,
  2. life stress leads to depression because it produces positive reinforcers.
  3. B. depressive behaviors often are reinforced by the sympathy and attention they bring about in other people.
  4. depressive patterns are more likely in extroverted people with good social skills.
  5. the presence of a support system has no influence on one’s susceptibility to depression.

Page: 186

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Learned helplessness theory suggests that:
  2. people with depression are too dependent on their families.
  3. B. frequent stressful events can make people believe their situation is uncontrollable.
  4. people learn to be helpless by watching others’ lack of motivation.
  5. stressful events only perpetuate if people are inactive participants in their life’s decisions.

Page: 186

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Aaron Beck’s concept of the negative cognitive triad led to one of the most widely used and successful therapies for depression, which is _____ therapy.
  2. psychodynamic
  3. existential
  4. C. cognitive-behavioral
  5. light

Page: 187

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APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  1. The reformulated learned helplessness theory focuses on:
  2. behavioral components, such as reinforcement and punishment.
  3. B. causal attributions or an explanation of why an event happened.
  4. maladaptive behaviors and their impact on depression.
  5. the impact of family as a factor in maladaptive cognitions.

Page: 187

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. The reformulated learned helplessness theory focuses on people who habitually explain negative events by causes that are:
  2. A. internal, stable, and global.
  3. specific, instable, and internal.
  4. external, specific, and global.
  5. instable, external, and specific.

Page: 187

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Sara feels as though every aspect of her life is dismal. She has a pessimistic attitude toward her family, friends, and important events in her life. She views everything on the dark side, and she does not believe that positive thinking is useful in her situation. Sara is most likely exhibiting _____.
  2. causal attributions
  3. B. hopelessness depression
  4. realistic depression
  5. depression with psychotic features.

Page: 187

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. One view that focuses on the process of thinking, rather than the content of thinking, as a contributor to depression is called the _____.
  2. A. ruminative response styles theory
  3. inappropriate cognitions theory
  4. cognitive-stress hypothesis
  5. hopelessness depression theory

Page: 188

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Mae sits and ruminates about her life daily. She has no motivation to make changes in the areas of her life that are bothering her. She spends a great deal of time focusing on how badly she feels. According to cognitive theorists, which theory is most likely to apply to this situation?
  2. Rational-emotive theory
  3. Negative cognitive triad
  4. Learned helplessness theory
  5. D. Ruminative response styles theory

Page: 188

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following is true according to the cognitive theories of depression?
  2. Depressed people are more likely to have highly specific and detailed memories.
  3. Depressed people with a hopeless style are less likely to relapse.
  4. C. Depressed people show a bias toward negative thinking.
  5. Depressed people are less likely than others to dwell on negative stimuli.

Page: 188

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Frankie has never been convinced that his parents love him unconditionally. He continues to do things to gain their approval. From an interpersonal perspective, Frankie is most likely engaging in _____.
  2. rumination
  3. B. excessive reassurance seeking
  4. attention seeking behaviors
  5. causal attributions

Page: 188

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. According to interpersonal theories of depression, some depressed people have a heightened need for approval and expressions of support from others but at the same time easily perceive rejection by others, a characteristic called rejection _____.
  2. learning
  3. rumination
  4. C. sensitivity
  5. memory

Page: 188

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following explanations has been given for the age-based variation in the risk for depression?
  2. Increasing diversity
  3. Lower expectations
  4. C. Changing social values
  5. Greater access to information

Page: 189

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following statements is true of gender differences in vulnerability to depression?
  2. Men tend to be more interpersonally oriented than women, perhaps due to gender socialization.
  3. When faced with distress, men are more likely than women to ruminate about their feelings and problems.
  4. Men appear more likely than women to base their self-worth on the health of their relationships.
  5. D. The differences in the responses of men and women to stress may be due to social norms.

Page: 189

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following adult groups has the lowest rates of reported depression?
  2. Latinos
  3. B. African Americans
  4. European Americans
  5. Native Americans

Page: 189

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following has been implicated in bipolar disorder?
  2. Abnormality in the size and functioning of the hippocampus
  3. B. Abnormality in the activation of the striatum of the basal ganglia
  4. Abnormality in the grey matter of the prefrontal cortex
  5. Abnormality in the functioning in the anterior cingulate

Page: 190

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Several studies suggest that dysregulation of the _____ system contributes to bipolar disorder.
  2. A. dopamine
  3. serotonin
  4. GABA
  5. norepinephrine

Page: 191

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. Which of the following psychological factors has NOT been implicated in bipolar disorder?
  2. Sensitivity to reward
  3. B. Enmeshed families
  4. Changes in bodily rhythms
  5. Stressful events

Page: 191

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Which of the following statements is true of drug treatments for depression?
  2. Drugs have fast emerging effects on intracellular processes in the neurotransmitter systems.
  3. Medications appear to work better for treating mild-to-moderate depression rather than severe and chronic depression.
  4. C. Discontinuing antidepressant use during the first six to nine months after symptoms subside seems to double the risk of relapse in severe depression.
  5. All of the different antidepressant drugs currently available reduce depression in only about 15 to 20 percent of the people who take them.

Page: 192

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. In the treatment of depression, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
  2. are more effective than other antidepressants.
  3. produce more insufferable side effects.
  4. tend to be fatal if taken in overdose.
  5. D. have positive effects on co-occurring symptoms.

Page: 193

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: SSRIs

  1. When people first begin taking a(n) _____, they sometimes report feeling “jittery” or having a feeling of “crawling out of one’s skin.”
  2. MAOI
  3. tricyclic antidepressant
  4. C. SSRI
  5. SNRI

Page: 193

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: SSRIs

  1. The agitation some people experience while taking an SSRI may contribute to an increase in suicidal thoughts and behavior. This risk may be greatest for:
  2. A. children and adolescents.
  3. adolescents and the elderly.
  4. children and the elderly.
  5. adults and adolescents.

Page: 193

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: SSRIs

  1. Which of the following affects norepinephrine and dopamine systems, has been useful in treating psychomotor retardation, and appears to overcome the sexual dysfunction side effects of SSRIs?
  2. Effexor
  3. B. Bupropion
  4. Remeron
  5. Cymbalata

Page: 193

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: SSRIs

  1. Which of the following statements is true of tricyclic antidepressants?
  2. They are safe even if taken in overdose.
  3. They are used more frequently these days.
  4. Their side effects are related to the levels of the neurotransmitter secretin.
  5. D. They can cause cardiac arrhythmia in people with heart problems.

Page: 193

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Belinda has been warned not to mix her antidepressant medication with certain over-the-counter drugs. She has also been told to watch her consumption of aged cheese, red wine, and beer. Belinda’s is most likely taking _____.
  2. A. MAOIs
  3. tricyclic antidepressants
  4. SSRIs
  5. benzodiazepines

Page: 193

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. _____ can cause diabetes, hypothyroidism, and kidney dysfunction and can contribute to birth defects if taken during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  2. A. Lithium
  3. MAOIs
  4. SSRIs
  5. SNRIs

Page: 194

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Stewart has been warned by his psychiatrist not to miss any of his medication-check appointments. The drug he is taking can be lethal if not monitored regularly. Which of the following drugs is Stewart most likely taking?
  2. Anticonvulsants
  3. B. Lithium
  4. Tricyclics
  5. MAOIs

Page: 194

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following anticonvulsants tends to produce the fewest side effects?
  2. Carbamezepine
  3. B. Valproate
  4. Tegretol
  5. Equetro

Page: 194

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Anti-epileptics may work by restoring the balance between the neurotransmitter systems in the _____.
  2. A. amygdala
  3. hippocampus
  4. prefrontal cortex
  5. basal ganglia

Page: 194

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following is true of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
  2. ECT decreases metabolic activity in several regions of the brain.
  3. These days, ECT is administered to only the left side of the brain.
  4. C. People who undergo unilateral ECT experience memory problems.
  5. The relapse rate among people who have undergone ECT is moderate to low.

Page: 194

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Electroconvulsive Therapy

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the newer methods of brain stimulation?
  2. Patients who receive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatments must be anesthetized.
  3. Vagus nerve stimulation results in reduced activity in the hypothalamus and amygdala.
  4. Deep brain stimulation can be performed without surgery through using light therapy.
  5. D. In vagus nerve stimulation, a small electronic device is implanted under the patient’s skin in the left chest wall.

Page: 196

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following statements is true of light therapy?
  2. A. It may help reduce seasonal affective disorder by resetting circadian rhythms.
  3. It works by increasing levels of melatonin, secreted by the pineal gland.
  4. It may decrease serotonin levels, thereby also reducing depression.
  5. It may lead to abnormal production of hormones and neurotransmitters.

Page: 196

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Light Therapy

  1. Luke is seeking treatment for his depression. His therapist tells him that his treatment will be short-term, will entail identifying the circumstances that precipitate his depressive symptoms, and will involve learning new skills necessary to interact effectively with his environment. Luke is most likely undergoing _____.
  2. A. behavior therapy
  3. existential therapy
  4. psychodynamic therapy
  5. psychoanalysis

Page: 197

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. In the treatment of mood disorders, which of the following is the first phase of behavior therapy?
  2. Cohort effect
  3. Electroconvulsive therapy
  4. C. Functional analysis
  5. Causal attribution

Page: 197

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. What are the goals of cognitive-behavioral therapy in treating depression?
  2. A. To change negative and hopeless patterns of thinking while helping the individual develop more effective life skills
  3. To change negative behaviors and help clients change their negative perceptions about taking medication
  4. To develop a rapport between the therapist and client in order to help the client feel more secure in her or his environment
  5. To remove reinforcers and implement punishers to extinguish the client’s negative thinking and beliefs about her or his depressive symptoms

Page: 197

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  1. Luke is seeking treatment for his depression. His therapist begins by helping him discover the negative automatic thoughts that he habitually exhibits and how these thoughts are connected to his depression. Luke is encouraged to challenge these thoughts and his therapist helps him to develop skills such as assertiveness to help him cope better in his daily life. The therapy Luke is most likely receiving is _____ therapy.
  2. behavior
  3. psychodynamic
  4. C. cognitive-behavioral
  5. rational-emotive

Page: 197–198

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  1. In _____ therapy, therapists look for four types of problems in depressed individuals: grief, role transitions, role disputes, and skill deficits.
  2. A. interpersonal
  3. psychodynamic
  4. cognitive-behavioral
  5. behavior

Page: 199

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (ISRT) for people with bipolar disorder combines _____ techniques with _____ techniques to help patients maintain regular routines of eating, sleeping, and activity, as well as stability in their personal relationships.
  2. psychodynamic; cognitive
  3. B. interpersonal therapy; behavioral
  4. cognitive; interpersonal therapy
  5. behavioral; psychodynamic

Page: 200

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. In _____ therapy, patients with bipolar disorder and their families are educated about bipolar disorder and trained in communication and problem-solving skills.
  2. interpersonal
  3. B. family-focused
  4. interpersonal and social rhythm
  5. cognitive-behavioral

Page: 200

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the different treatments for mood disorders?
  2. Drug therapy has been found to be more effective in treating people with chronic depression than when used in combination with psychotherapy.
  3. B. Behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal, and drug therapies appear to be about equally effective in treating most people with depression.
  4. Few psychiatrists and psychologists are in favor of administering maintenance therapy to clients once their symptoms of depression disappear.
  5. In the case of bipolar disorder, combining drug treatment with the psychological therapies may increase the rate at which patients stop taking their medication.

Page: 200

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Which of the following statements is true of suicide?
  2. A. Suicide attempts are much more common than completed suicides.
  3. Accurate data on nonlethal suicide attempts can be easily obtained.
  4. Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are one and the same.
  5. In the United States, an average of 40 people per day commit suicide.

Page: 202

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Women are _____ likely than men to attempt suicide and _____ likely than men to complete suicide.
  2. more; more
  3. B. more; less
  4. less; less
  5. less, more

Page: 202

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following is the most common method of suicide among women?
  2. A. Poisoning
  3. Hanging
  4. Gunshot
  5. Stabbing

Page: 202

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following groups in the United States has the highest suicide rate?
  2. A. European Americans
  3. Native Americans
  4. African Americans
  5. Latinos

Page: 203

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following groups has the second highest suicide rate in the United States?
  2. European Americans
  3. B. Native Americans
  4. African Americans
  5. Latinos

Page: 203

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Suicide may become more common in adolescence than in childhood for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
  2. adolescents have higher rates of several types of psychopathology that are tied to suicide.
  3. adolescents are more sophisticated than children in their thinking and can contemplate suicide more clearly.
  4. adolescents simply have easier access to the means to commit suicide than do children.
  5. D. adolescents are generally more prone to impulsive behaviors, whereas children tend to be more cautious.

Page: 203

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following statements is true of suicide in adolescents and children?
  2. Homosexual and bisexual adolescents have lower rates of suicide attempts compared to heterosexual adolescents.
  3. Hispanic females have the lowest rates of suicidal thoughts owing to the cultural value of familism, which ensures individuals of their family’s support.
  4. Rates of suicide among children and teenagers have more than doubled since 1994.
  5. D. The FDA mandated a warning regarding the use of SSRIs by youth in 2004—the year when there was a spike in adolescent suicide rate.

Page: 204

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following people would be at the greatest risk for suicide?
  2. An 86-year-old Hispanic male
  3. B. An 87-year-old European American male
  4. A 75-year-old Asian male
  5. A 90-year-old African American male

Page: 204

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following is true of suicide in older adults?
  2. European American males over the age 65 are at the highest risk for suicide.
  3. Older people are less successful than younger people when they attempt suicide.
  4. Most older people who attempt suicide do not fully intend to die.
  5. D. Suicide rates among older people are highest in the first year following the loss of a loved one.

Page: 204

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following is the greatest risk factor for suicide in older adults?
  2. The loss of a loved one
  3. Loneliness
  4. C. A history of psychological problems
  5. A spouse or loved one who is chronically ill

Page: 204

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following is NOT believed to be a reason to trigger nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)?
  2. As a means to release tension
  3. As a method to influence the social environment
  4. C. As a trial for suicide
  5. As a strategy to draw support and sympathy from others

Page: 204

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following best describes a problem associated with understanding suicide through research?
  2. Cultural differences make it difficult to establish causality.
  3. Suicide notes generally are not accessible on account of ethical issues.
  4. C. Suicide is relatively rare, thereby making it difficult to study scientifically.
  5. It is difficult to differentiate a homicide from a suicide.

Page: 205

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. According to Émile Durkheim, _____ suicide is committed by people who believe that taking their own life will benefit society.
  2. egoistic
  3. anomic
  4. social
  5. D. altruistic

Page: 205

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Jacob has been diagnosed with schizophrenia. He feels alienated and isolated since his institutionalization. He also feels as though no one really cares about him. He has been contemplating suicide. Durkheim’s theory would classify this thinking as _____ suicide.
  2. negative
  3. inhibited
  4. altruistic
  5. D. egoistic

Page: 205

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. After working for a company for 25 years, Anna loses her job on account of company cutbacks. She has had difficulty finding a job largely because of her age. She is deeply depressed. According to Émile Durkheim, Anna is most likely at risk of committing _____ suicide.
  2. egoistic
  3. B. anomic
  4. altruistic
  5. undifferentiated

Page: 205

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. A person who experiences major changes in his or her relationship to society may experience severe social role disorientation. According to Durkheim’s theory of suicide, this person may be at risk of committing _____ suicide.
  2. A. anomic
  3. egotistic
  4. altruistic
  5. undifferentiated

Page: 205

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. It is probable that _____ percent of people who commit suicide had been suffering from a diagnosable mental disorder.
  2. fewer than 25
  3. 25–60
  4. 60–90
  5. D. more than 90

Page: 205

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following is associated with the increased rates of suicide among African American men?
  2. Deteriorating heath
  3. Poor family support system
  4. C. Perception of economic conditions
  5. Increased incarceration

Page: 206

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. According to research, suicide rates among African American males in the United States were highest in communities where:
  2. community pride was lacking.
  3. B. economic inequalities were greatest.
  4. there were high rates of AIDS.
  5. there was limited access to mental health services.

Page: 206

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following stressful events has been most consistently linked to increased vulnerability to suicide?
  2. Career disappointments
  3. Loss of a loved one
  4. C. Economic hardship
  5. Disagreements with family members

Page: 206

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. When two or more completed or attempted suicides are nonrandomly bunched in space or time, it is known as a(n) _____.
  2. A. suicide cluster
  3. assisted suicide
  4. group suicide pact
  5. multiple suicide syndrome

Page: 206

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. The personality characteristic that seems to predict suicide best is _____.
  2. introversion
  3. extroversion
  4. passivity
  5. D. impulsivity

Page: 206

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Which of the following cognitive variables has predicted suicide most consistently?
  2. Retrograde amnesia
  3. B. Hopelessness
  4. Perceptual inconsistencies
  5. Deficits in intellectual functioning

Page: 207

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. The biological factor most associated with suicide is:
  2. brain injury.
  3. physical deformity.
  4. high levels of cortisol.
  5. D. low levels of serotonin.

Page: 207

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. Many studies have found a link between low levels of the neurotransmitter _____ and suicide.
  2. dopamine
  3. epinephrine
  4. C. serotonin
  5. norepinephrine

Page: 207

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Neurotransmitters

  1. Crisis intervention aims to reduce the risk of an imminent suicide attempt by providing suicidal persons:
  2. easy access to medication to subdue their thoughts of suicide.
  3. B. someone to talk with who understands their feelings and problems.
  4. coping skills that they may use in the long term.
  5. easier access to treatment by way of financial support.

Page: 208

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. The medication most consistently shown to reduce the risk of suicide is _____.
  2. SSRIs
  3. antipsychotics
  4. C. lithium
  5. MAOIs

Page: 208

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. _____ therapy was developed to treat people with borderline personality disorder, who frequently attempt suicide.
  2. Electroconvulsive
  3. Rational emotive
  4. Stress management
  5. D. Dialectical behavior

Page: 208

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Most people who are suicidal never seek treatment because they:
  2. A. fear the stigma associated with suicide.
  3. do not believe the treatment will make a difference.
  4. generally do not have insurance that will cover psychological service.
  5. believe there is a conflict between mental health and spiritual healing.

Page: 208

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Broad-based suicide prevention or education programs do not tend to be very helpful and might even do harm because they:
  2. target only students who are not at a high risk for suicide.
  3. usually describe suicidal people as suffering from psychological disorders, thereby adding to the stigma associated with suicide.
  4. C. make suicide appear quite common, which may cause students to believe that it is an understandable response to stress.
  5. do not address the core psychological issues that cause people to turn to suicide in the first place.

Page: 208

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. What should you do if you suspect that a person you know is suicidal?
  2. Leave the person alone for a while so he or she may “cool off.”
  3. Promise that things will get better with time.
  4. C. Acknowledge the person’s feelings in a nonjudgmental way.
  5. Ask indirect questions about whether the person has a plan for suicide.

Page: 210

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Describe the different subtypes of major depression as recognized by the DSM.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Depression with anxious distress

▪ Depression with mixed features

▪ Depression with melancholic features

▪ Depression with mood-congruent psychotic features

Depression with mood-incongruent psychotic features

▪ Depression with catatonic features

▪ Depression with atypical features

▪ Depression with seasonal pattern

▪ Depression with peripartum onset

Page: 176–177

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence.

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder

  1. Summarize the symptoms of mania.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Unrealistically positive and grandiose (inflated) self-esteem.

▪ They experience racing thoughts and impulses. At times, these grandiose thoughts are delusional and may be accompanied by grandiose hallucinations.

▪ People experiencing a manic episode may speak rapidly and forcefully, trying to convey a rapid stream of fantastic thoughts.

▪ Some people may become agitated and irritable, particularly with people they perceive as “getting in the way.”

▪ They may engage in a variety of impulsive behaviors, such as sexual indiscretions or spending sprees.

▪ Often, they will frenetically pursue grand plans and goals.

Page: 179

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Manic Episodes

  1. Discuss the theories of brain abnormalities associated with depression.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Prefrontal cortex—involved in attention, short-term memory, planning, and problem solving; reduced metabolic activity and volume of gray matter; lower brain-wave activity; left prefrontal cortex is involved in motivation and goal-orientation—inactivity in this region may be associated with motivational difficulties as seen in depression.

▪ Anterior cingulate—a subregion of the prefrontal cortex; plays an important role in body’s response to stress, emotional expression, and social behavior; different levels of activity in the anterior cingulate; problems in attention, planning of appropriate responses, coping with anhedonia.

▪ Hippocampus—critical in memory and fear-related learning; smaller volume and lower metabolic activity in the hippocampus; chronic arousal of the body’s stress response, role of cortisol.

▪ Amygdala—attention to stimuli that are emotionally salient; enlargement and increased activity;

overactivity may bias people toward aversive or emotionally arousing information and lead to rumination over negative memories and negative aspects of the environment.

Page: 183–185

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Research Studies

  1. Explain the negative cognitive triad in relation to depression.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Cognitive theory of depression

▪ Involves negative views of themselves, the world, and the future

▪ Views that lead to errors reinforcing the negative cognitive triad

Page: 187

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders.

Topic: Mood Disorders

  1. Explain the major psychosocial contributors to bipolar disorder.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Greater sensitivity to reward

▪ Stress

▪ Changes in bodily rhythms or unusual routines

Page: 191

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of lithium as a treatment for bipolar disorder.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Advantages—people who maintain adequate doses of lithium have significantly fewer relapses

▪ Disadvantages—high toxicity potential (difference between an effective dose and toxic dose is small), so patients must be carefully monitored by physicians; problematic side effects (abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, twitches, blurred vision, problems in concentration and attention); can cause diabetes, hypothyroidism, and kidney dysfunction; can contribute to birth defects

Page: 193–194

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Explain three newer methods of brain stimulation.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)—scientists expose patients to repeated, high-intensity magnetic pulses focused on particular brain structures.

▪ Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)—the vagus nerve is stimulated by a small electronic device, much like a cardiac pacemaker, that is surgically implanted under the patient’s skin in the left chest wall.

▪ Deep brain stimulation—electrodes are surgically implanted in specific areas of the brain. The electrodes are connected to a pulse generator that is placed under the skin and stimulates these brain areas.

Page: 195–197

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders.

Topic: Bipolar Disorder

  1. Discuss gender, ethnic, and cross-cultural differences in suicide rates within the United States and across nations.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Two to three times more women than men attempt suicide, but men are four times more likely than women to complete suicide. This gender difference is true across all age groups.

▪ For women the most common method of suicide is poisoning. In addition, men who attempt suicide tend to be surer in their intent to die than are women.

▪ European Americans have higher suicide rates than all other groups—approximately 12 people per 100,000— and Native Americans are close behind, at approximately 11 per 100,000. Suicide among Native Americans is tied to poverty, lack of education and hope, discrimination, substance abuse, and the easy availability of firearms.

▪ There are cross-national differences in suicide rates, with higher rates in much of Europe, the former Soviet Union, and China and lower rates in Latin America and South America. The suicide rates in Australia, the United States, Canada, and England fall between these two extremes. The differences may be due in part to cultural and religious norms. Followers of religions that expressly forbid suicide are less likely to attempt it.

Page: 202–203

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. Describe the three types of suicide described by Durkheim, along with examples of each.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Egoistic suicide—committed by people who feel alienated from others, empty of social contacts, alone in an unsupportive world

▪ Anomic suicide—committed by people who experience severe social role disorientation because of a major change in their relationship to society

▪ Altruistic suicide—committed by people who believe that taking their own life will benefit society

▪ Examples must clearly relate to concepts

Page: 205

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

  1. What criticisms have been leveled against suicide prevention programs based in schools or colleges?

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Programs target both the general population of students and those students at high risk for suicide.

▪ Programs may attempt to destigmatize suicide by making it appear quite common and by not mentioning that most suicidal people are suffering from a psychological disorder, in hopes that suicidal students will feel freer to seek help.

▪ But such messages can backfire among students who are not suicidal, making suicide seem like an understandable response to stress.

▪ Studies of school-based suicide prevention programs have found that adolescents who had made prior suicide attempts generally reacted negatively to the programs, saying that they were less inclined to seek help after attending the program than before.

Page: 207-209

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide.

Topic: Suicide

Category # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 113

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology. 74

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains. 26

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology. 14

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry. 9

Bloom’s: Apply 12

Bloom’s: Remember 71

Bloom’s: Understand 40

Difficulty: Difficult 5

Difficulty: Easy 66

Difficulty: Moderate 52

Learning Objective: Describe treatments for depressive, bipolar and mood disorders. 24

Learning Objective: Discuss suicide. 34

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of bipolar disorders. 16

Learning Objective: Explain the key features of major depressive disorder and its prevalence. 12

Learning Objective: Identify mood disorders. 37

Topic: Bipolar Disorder 15

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 3

Topic: Cyclothymic Disorder 2

Topic: Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder 1

Topic: Electroconvulsive Therapy 1

Topic: Light Therapy 1

Topic: Major Depressive Disorder 14

Topic: Manic Episodes 1

Topic: Mood Disorders 32

Topic: Neurotransmitters 8

Topic: Persistent Depressive Disorder 4

Topic: Research Studies 7

Topic: SSRIs 4

Topic: Suicide 32

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