Test Bank Child Development and Education, 7th Edition Teresa M. McDevitt A+

Test Bank Child Development and Education, 7th Edition Teresa M. McDevitt A+

Test Bank Child Development and Education, 7th Edition Teresa M. McDevitt A+

Test Bank Child Development and Education, 7th Edition Teresa M. McDevitt A+
  1. Which one of the following best illustrates physical development as a developmental domain?
  2. Mark can watch a basketball player and critique his movements.
  3. Tammy can hold and use a pencil more easily than she could last year.
  4. Timothy is increasingly able to understand other people’s points of view.
  5. Thomas learns how to count by practicing counting with a variety of household objects.

  1. Which one of the following best illustrates social-emotional development as a developmental domain?
  2. Pamela has decided to get a fashionable new haircut.
  3. Annika cries in pain when she steps on a sharp pebble.
  4. Carlos is learning how to play cooperatively with his preschool classmates.
  5. Thomas used to think that the earth was flat, but now he knows that it’s round.

  1. Many psychologists are interested in the ways in which nature and nurture interact to influence development. Which one of the following examples illustrates the influence of nature?
  2. Fourteen-year-old Deborah is starting to grow pubic hair, and she’s just had her first menstrual period.
  3. Two-year-old Sophia is learning to speak two languages because her parents speak Spanish at home but everyone at her preschool speaks English.
  4. Ten-year-old Bart loves being outdoors. As far back as he can remember, his family has gone camping almost every weekend during the summer months.
  5. Eight-year-old Yannie goes to his Aunt Jane’s house after school every day. As he watches television, Jane gives him as much candy and other sweets as he wants, and so he is becoming increasingly overweight.

  1. Which one of the following statements reflects what developmentalists mean by the term maturation?
  2. Changes related specifically to children’s physical development
  3. Changes related specifically to children’s emotional development
  4. Changes that reflect increasingly appropriate social behavior
  5. Developmental changes that are controlled largely by heredity
  6. Many developmental theorists are interested in the ways in which nature and nurture each influence development. The term nurture refers to:
  7. A child’s characteristics at birth
  8. Genetically controlled maturational changes
  9. Environmental conditions that influence development.
  10. The loving bonds that exist between children and their parents

  1. Leanna believes that children have a natural curiosity that makes them eager to learn. LeRoy believes that children’s motivation to learn is fostered by good nutrition, positive relationships with other people, and opportunities to explore a complex environment. This difference in viewpoints best reflects the issue of:
  2. Nature and nurture
  3. Universality and diversity
  4. Progression and regression
  5. Quantitative and qualitative change

  1. Three of the following statements are true regarding the interplay between heredity and environment in child development. Which statement is false?
  2. Certain environmental experiences may have a greater impact at some ages than at others.
  3. Inherited predispositions have a large influence in some aspects of development, whereas environment is more influential in other aspects.
  4. Children’s inherited tendencies may make them more or less susceptible to particular environmental conditions.
  5. Heredity is more influential when children live in extremely impoverished circumstances than when they have good nutrition and other environmental supports.

  1. A sensitive period in development can best be described as:
  2. An approach to teaching or parenting that takes a child’s developmental level into account
  3. A stage of development in which children display unpredictable (and often inappropriate) emotional responses
  4. An age range during which environmental conditions are most likely to have an effect on a particular aspect of a child’s development
  5. A period during children’s cognitive development in which they are highly distractible and so are frequently off task in the classroom

  1. In her book Genie: A Psycholinguistic Study of a Modern-Day “Wild Child,” Susan Curtiss (1977) described a girl (whom Curtiss called “Genie” to protect her privacy) who had been raised with little exposure to language. Convinced that his daughter was retarded and unmanageable, Genie’s father kept her almost constantly confined to a small room in the house. Genie’s life was one of physical abuse, neglect, and isolation from the outside world. The family rarely spoke to her, and she had no access to either television or radio. Finally, when Genie was 13, she, her mother, and an older brother left the home that Genie’s father had made so unbearable. Shortly after, social services authorities became aware of Genie’s situation and hospitalized her for severe malnutrition. At the time, Genie had only two words in her speaking vocabulary and understood fewer than 20 words. In more nurturing care over the next 41/2 years, Genie gradually learned many more words, but she never did acquire the grammar of a typical 4- or 5-year-old. Which one of the following concepts does this situation best illustrate?
  2. Universality
  3. A sensitive period
  4. The role of maturation
  5. The role of temperament

  1. Aaron has always had an irritable temperament. As a baby, he often cried and was difficult to soothe. As a toddler, he threw temper tantrums if he didn’t immediately get something he wanted. As a preschooler, he was moody and unpredictable. He’s often so ornery that other people—even family members—simply don’t want to be around him very much. Which one of the following principles best describes this situation?
  2. Children’s natural tendencies affect their environment.
  3. The relative effects of heredity and environment vary for different developmental domains.
  4. Inherited tendencies make children more or less responsive to particular environmental influences.
  5. For some aspects of development, when certain environmental conditions are present is just as important as whether they are present.

  1. The concept of universality in development refers to:
  2. Developmental progressions shared by virtually all human beings
  3. Developmental progressions that differ from one individual to another
  4. A feeling of “oneness” with the earth that many children have in early childhood
  5. Differences among children that can be traced to a particular historical era or to unique cultural events

  1. Which one of the following statements best illustrates a universal in development as developmentalists define the term?
  2. In their pretend play, girls tend to enact domestic scenarios (e.g., “house”), whereas boys are more likely to enact superhero scenarios (e.g., “Batman”).
  3. Children in some cultures learn that it’s disrespectful for a child to initiate a conversation with an adult.
  4. Young children show similar patterns in their language development regardless of the specific language they learn.
  5. Children are most likely to appreciate the importance of reading and writing if the people around them read and write frequently.

  1. Many psychologists are concerned about whether certain aspects of development are marked by universality or diversity. Which one of the following statements illustrates diversity?
  2. Children almost always first sit, then walk, then run.
  3. Children think in increasingly logical ways as they get older.
  4. By interacting with their physical environment all children learn that things always fall down, never up, when released.
  5. On average, teenagers who live in middle-income neighborhoods have better study skills than those who live in low-income neighborhoods.

  1. Which one of the following best illustrates a qualitative (rather than quantitative) change in development?
  2. Between ages 11 and 13, Bunny grew 4 inches taller and gained 15 pounds.
  3. After attending last night’s concert, Penny changed her mind about who her favorite band is.
  4. Micha used to be puzzled by statements such as “Look before you leap” but now understands their underlying meanings.
  5. Mason has a much larger vocabulary than he did last year.

  1. Which one of the following best illustrates a quantitative (rather than qualitative) change in development?
  2. Five-year-old Mercedes has finally learned how to carry a tune.
  3. As a 15-year-old, LaRue has started to grow facial hair.
  4. Beth used to be shy around her peers, but now she’s very outgoing and makes friends easily.
  5. Robert knows many more addition facts than he did a few months ago.
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