Test Bank Evaluation in Today’s World, 1st Edition Veronica G. Thomas A+

Test Bank Evaluation in Today’s World, 1st Edition Veronica G. Thomas A+

Test Bank Evaluation in Today’s World, 1st Edition Veronica G. Thomas A+

Test Bank Evaluation in Today’s World, 1st Edition Veronica G. Thomas A+

1. How do the authors of the text define evaluation?

Ans: The authors of the text state that their definition of evaluation encompasses multiple components including systematic inquiry; assessing value and awareness of context; and also ethical, quality, justice, and cultural concerns. Specifically, they present evaluation as a disciplined inquiry involving the systematic, contextually responsive, and ethical application of research tools and methods to collect data that assess the effectiveness and operations of programs within the various social, political, and cultural context in which they operate. Evaluation’s ultimate goal is to provide credible evidence that fosters greater understanding and improves decision making, all aimed at improving social conditions and promoting healthy, just, and equitable communities.

Learning Objective: 1-2: Have a general knowledge of the content to be covered in the book.

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Definitions of Evaluation

Difficulty Level: Easy

2. Discuss the idea of evaluation as an everyday activity and explain how it differs from the task undertaken by an evaluator.

Ans: Everyone, either consciously or unconsciously, at some point in time consider the value of a thing; take account of the actions we, or others, have taken; and examine the progress (or lack thereof) we have made on the path that we are traveling. Individuals evaluate products and prices at a store to determine whether they will buy a product or even continue to patronize that business. People evaluate their relationships, finances, goals, and health to determine where they are and how they can get better in these areas. By engaging in some form of evaluation, individuals try to assess what is good or bad, what option is better or worse, and what conditions are best to nurture and produce the desired outcomes. Although people do make evaluation decision, this action does not necessarily make one an evaluator. An evaluator is a professional who asks and answers questions regarding projects, policies, and programs through the collection and analysis of data. Evaluators seek to provide information that improves decision making at a variety of levels: funders, policy makers, staff, and actual as well as potential participants. In doing this, evaluators also implement the evaluation process, which includes planning, implementation, and reporting/use of results (all phases must involve and engage diverse stakeholders).

Learning Objective: 1-6: List some challenges of doing evaluation in today’s world.

Cognitive Domain: Analysis | Comprehension

Answer Location: An Overview of Evaluation

Difficulty Level: Medium

3. Define bias and explain explicit bias and implicit bias.

Ans: Bias is defined as a particular tendency or inclination, especially one that prevents reasonable, knowledgeable, thoughtful consideration of a question. Bias is often unintentional and can grow out of one’s assumptions. In terms of evaluation, it can be based on the ways the evaluator thinks things are (or should be). One form of bias, explicit bias, is characterized by one knowing that one has a particular bias. An example of this would be if one is biased in favor of people who like Ben Jerry’s ice cream and biased against those who like Haagen-Dazs ice cream. In evaluation, explicit bias might include one being biased against the use of online surveys or biased in favor of programs that include a component for particular reflection. Evaluators may also be biased in terms of what they think participants in a program need to be successful. If evaluators have explicit biases that can impact their work, they need to let others know their biases exist and to have others check to see if those biases are impacting the work. Another type of bias is implicit bias. Implicit bias refers to the attitudes or stereotypes that effect our understanding, actions, and decision in an unconscious manner. Like explicit biases, they can impact assessments and judgments, both favorably and unfavorably. But unlike explicit biases, implicit biases are activated involuntarily, without awareness or intentional control.

Learning Objective: 1-5: Explain ways that bias and perceptions of objectivity can skew evaluations.

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge | Comprehension

Answer Location: Explicit Bias | Implicit Bias

Difficulty Level: Easy

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