Test Bank Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education 9th Edition by George Morrison

Test Bank Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education 9th Edition by George Morrison

Test Bank Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education 9th Edition by George Morrison

Test Bank Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education 9th Edition by George Morrison

Test Bank Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education 9th Edition by George Morrison

Chapter 1

You and Early Childhood Education: Becoming a Professional

Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Items: Choose the correct answer to each question.

  1. As an early childhood educator, it is important for you to have intentional goals that include promoting child development, teaching and learning and:
    1. academic discipline.
    2. building family and community relationships.
    3. establishing yourself as an authoritarian figure.
  1. participating in group discussions.

  1. Richardo has recently earned the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential. Given his new qualification he will be mostly likely seek employment as a:
    1. first grade teacher in an elementary school.
    2. middle school science teacher.
    3. caregiver in a center-based preschool program.
    4. teacher of children with special needs in a public school.

  1. The principal of Jenet Garcia’s elementary school requires that all teachers post their philosophy of education on the notice board inside their classrooms for parents and students to see. Jenet is unsure about what a philosophy of education is. Which of the following describes a philosophy of education?
  2. A set of beliefs about how children develop and learn.
  3. A set of instructions about when to teach content.
  4. A set of non-negotiable rules to teach by.
  5. A set of rules for students to follow in the classroom.

  1. Jenet approaches the school principle and asks him why she needs to develop a philosophy of education. The principal explains that a philosophy of education is important because:
    1. it advances physical and intellectual competence among students.
    2. it promotes positive and productive relationships among families and communities.
    3. it serves to guide and directs daily teaching and classroom practices with children.
    4. it provides a statement about a teacher’s commitment to the school.

  1. Aika Lee is a new teacher in an infant classroom. Her early childhood program prides itself on both partnering with families and being responsive to children’s needs. A parent instructs Aika to feed her four-month-old infant every four hours regardless of whether the infant seems hungry. Aika wants to follow the parent’s request but three hours after his last bottle, the infant is clearly hungry and cries loudly. Aika is challenged by the predicament on whether to follow the parent’s request or respond to the infant’s cues. She is facing a (an):
    1. reflective situation.
    2. cognitive problem.
    3. dispositional situation.
    4. ethical dilemma.

  1. Monique invites a colleague to observe and provide feedback on her kindergarten classroom. The colleague videotapes and reviews Monique’s teaching to improve instruction. They are being ________ practitioners.
    1. reflective
    2. anti-biased
    3. respectful
    4. inclusive

  1. Professional dispositions are important for professional practice. The most important disposition is:
    1. knowing content.
    2. caring.
    3. following standards.
    4. lifelong learning.

  1. At the preschool Open House, a parent asks Smyrna Hernandez to explain developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) and what it looks like in the classroom. Smyrna states that in DAP teachers:
    1. facilitate play experiences that match the developmental level of their play.
  1. complete worksheets to assess learning.
  2. teach math facts through memorization.
    1. instruct students in reading groups by ability.

  1. Sam Wong recently became director of a child care center. He conducted an environmental survey of purchasing practices for the upkeep of the school building. We can surmise that Sam was interested in a ________ environment for the children.
    1. challenging
    2. respectful
    3. supportive
    4. healthy

  1. Patrice Checketts is concerned about new legislation removing healthy lunch guidelines for school lunches. She is worried that children’s health will suffer. Patrice writes a letter to the state legislator asking her to support a new bill re-introducing healthy meal guidelines at school. Her actions are an example of:
    1. reflective practice.
    2. collaborative practice.
    3. advocacy.
    4. citizenship.

  1. Katie Mitchell uses a visual schedule in her first-grade classroom to promote independence throughout the school day. This practice is an example of a strategy used in a(an)________classroom.
    1. safe
    2. inclusive
    3. reflective
    4. equitable

  1. A local school district provides free breakfast for all children. This practice is an example of how educators support:
    1. the whole child.
    2. parents and families.
    3. local businesses.
    4. federal education programs.

  1. Bradley Kinsman teaches 3rd In his classroom of 28 students, four have a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and two have been diagnosed with oppositional defiance disorder. Including children with special needs or challenging behavioral in a typical classroom is called:
  2. Cultural sensitivity.
  3. Primary caregiving.

  1. Florence Kehinde, a kindergarten teacher, attends conferences, reads professional journals and is starting an advanced degree in early childhood education. Her actions are an example of a teacher who is a(an):
    1. collaborator.
    2. instructional leader.
    3. curriculum planner.
    4. ongoing learner.

  1. Jasmine Nguyen teaches third grade. She has a new student whose home language is Arabic. Each day she greets the classroom in English and in Arabic. This is an example of which of the following?
    1. Using content knowledge to build meaningful curriculum.
    2. Becoming a professional.
    3. Promoting child development.
    4. Building family and community relationships.

Chapter 1 Short Answer Items: Answer each question concisely.

  1. Detail two ways teachers can model kindness inside their classrooms and two ways teachers can facilitate the children learning more about kindness outside the classroom.

  1. How has the increase in racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity in America influenced early childhood education practices?

  1. Describe the three core considerations essential to the implementation of developmentally appropriate practices in an early childhood education setting.
  2. Explain the phrase, "A professional is never a 'finished' product," as it relates to NAEYC Goal 6: Becoming a Professional.

  1. How can a classroom teacher incorporate cultural diversity into the construction area? How can they incorporate it into their home/school communications?
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