Test Bank Human Sexuality A Contemporary Introduction 2nd Edition by Caroline F. Pukall A+

Test Bank Human Sexuality A Contemporary Introduction 2nd Edition by Caroline F. Pukall A+

Test Bank Human Sexuality A Contemporary Introduction 2nd Edition by Caroline F. Pukall A+

Test Bank Human Sexuality A Contemporary Introduction 2nd Edition by Caroline F. Pukall A+
  1. Though sexuality in general may be difficult for some people to talk about, why is it almost impossible to ignore?

a) Because the internet is full of porn.

b) Because it is far too commonly found in the public school curricula.

c) Because people are always trying to force you to talk about sex.

d) Because there are many social and cultural messages out there about sexuality, including very subtle ones.

  1. Maria believes that people should only have sex inside committed relationships, and that anyone who has sex outside of these relationships is a slut or a whore. Maria’s beliefs about what is good and bad are a ________.

a) social construction, likely formed by media

b) social refusing, likely informed by peer groups

c) social exclusion, likely informed by religious beliefs

d) social confusion, likely informed by uneducated caregivers

  1. What role do media play in shaping our beliefs about sexuality?

a) It dictates societal norms, including norms about sexuality.

b) It conveys the importance of openness and honesty in non-monogamous relationships.

c) It provides a balanced and objective perspective on sexual norms.

d) It illustrates the wide diversity of sexual scripts available for people today.

  1. During the Victorian era, media often conveyed messages about sexuality in subtle, hidden ways, such as advertising vibrators for medical reasons. This was primarily driven by ________.

a) poor advertising strategies

b) high consumer compliance

c) religious censorship

d) lack of interest in sex

  1. Lady Mary went to see a physician in the 1890s because she was distressed. The physician treated her with a vibrator. What was the likely diagnosis?

a) Depression

b) Marital infidelity


d) Hysteria

  1. Why did scholar Thomas Malthus argue that sexually explicit material should be suppressed?

a) Children’s schoolwork could be negatively affected if they were thinking about sex.

b) Original sin by Adam and Eve had horrible consequences.

c) Sexually explicit material would lead to an increase in the population that would overtax diminishing natural resources.

d) The only sexual thoughts a person should have should be towards their partner in a Christian marriage.

  1. In which decade did advertisers first begin to increase the use of sex in their campaigns?

a) 1950s

b) 1930s

c) 1940s

d) 1920s

  1. Why do advertisers use scantily clad women in advertising?

a) To exploit women’s insecurities about their appearances, leading them to buy products so they can appear more like the “sexual ideal”

b) To create associations between the product and a pleasurable activity (sex), making them more likely to buy the product)

c) To arouse women sexually, which has been linked to increased willingness to spend money

d) To make women feel beautiful so they will “treat themselves” to new products

  1. The 1950s brought about greater openness in advertising related to sexual content. This included at least three major 1950s ad campaigns: Maidenform’s “I dream,” Revlon’s “fire and ice,” and Clairol’s “Does she or doesn’t she? (colour her hair, that is!)”. This shift is largely attributed to ______. )

a) the Kinsey Reports

b) Hugh Hefner

c) the Shere Hite Report

d) the Speculum Doctrinale

  1. Television in North America has the potential to raise concerns over what should and shouldn’t be permitted in terms of sexual content. What question does this raise?

a) Should sexual violence be shown?

b) Who is allowed to have sex on television?

c) How explicit can sexual content be?

d) All of the above

  1. What type of scene resulted in an American television company being fined $3.6 million?

a) A lesbian couple raising a child

b) A teenage orgy

c) Two men kissing

d) Topless adult women

  1. Sam and Donald are in a same-sex relationship. They met a few years ago online. Why were they more likely to meet online than most mixed-sex couples?

a) They were 3 times more likely because, on average, people attracted to the same sex hold fewer notions of taboos associated with online dating.

b) They were twice as likely because the “gay villages” are not as popular as they once were since the advent of the internet.

c) They are not more likely to meet online than anyone else.

d) They were 10 times more likely because same-sex couples rarely go on dates or associate with other non-heterosexual people.

  1. What is lacking in most media portrayals of sexual activity?

a) Real-life scenarios

b) Safer-sex messaging

c) Romantic portrayals of love

d) Traditional gender roles

  1. What is the main drawback to the “fantasy model” of sex portrayed in today’s media?

a) Fantasies are not a good indicator of sexual behaviour and are unlikely to change someone’s sexual practices.

b) Fantasies often include hypersexualized people, which may distort erotic attractions.

c) Fantasies are not real and have no place in sexual scripts.

d) Fantasies rarely include safer-sex messaging about unwanted pregnancies and STIs.

  1. Jake is caught up in the heat of the moment of a sexual encounter with his current partner Pam. In the middle of their sexual encounter, Pam asks Jake if they should use a condom. Jake is somewhat surprised that she asked this question because this was not how he envisioned the sexual encounter progressing. What did Pam’s question conflict with?

a) Jake’s masculinity

b) Jake’s sexual script

c) Jake’s ability to read sexual innuendos

d) Jake’s self-efficacy

  1. What percentage of television programs contain some form of sexual content?

a) 70 per cent

b) 80 per cent

c) 50 per cent

d) 40 per cent

  1. Which of the following are credited for increasing demand for contraception in Mexico, India, and Kenya?

a) Magazine ads

b) Internet websites

c) Television shows

d) Movies

  1. Showing scenarios on television where men contract syphilis from other men will likely result in which of the following?

a) Fewer men who engage in sex with men getting tested for syphilis

b) Fewer men and women getting tested for syphilis

c) More men who engage in sex with men getting tested for syphilis

d) More men and women getting tested for syphilis

  1. Hollywood films and other forms of televised media have historically depicted black male’s sexuality very differently than other races. Based on this situation, which of the following is NOT true?

a) Black males are often depicted as blue collar (manual labor) workers with greater muscular features, which suggest greater sexual aggression.)

b) Hollywood films tend to dehumanize black males by objectifying their bodies during sex scenes far more often than occurs with white males.

c) Black music videos are more sexualized than are white music videos.

d) Black males are often given roles in which sex without intimacy is the norm and sexual partners are acknowledged through domination and for violence.

  1. Ally just saw an animated television show where the main character was transgender with a female love interest. This show most likely originated in which country?

a) Samoa

b) The United States

c) Morocco

d) Japan

  1. Ava is used to seeing sexuality and fluid gender roles explored in movies and graphic novels, including transgender and intersex issues, but she would never discuss her sexuality, especially in terms of sexual and gender diversity. Where does Ava most likely live?

a) The Middle East

b) Europe

c) Asia

d) North America

  1. In which medium is it common to stretch sexual acts beyond what one might expect, such as showing a penis penetrating an ear?

a) Anime

b) Arabic movies

c) Hentai

d) North American television

  1. Until what century in Catholicism was sexual activity that did not involve penile-vaginal penetration forbidden and criminally punished?

a) In the fourth century CE

b) In the fifth century BCE

c) In the tenth century CE

d) In the first century CE

  1. Which of the following methods of birth control is forbidden in Judaism?

a) The birth control pill

b) The IUD

c) The condom

d) The rhythm method

  1. Which of the following religions tolerates male masturbation, depending on the source of interpretation?

a) Judaism

b) Roman Catholicism

c) Islam

d) Hinduism

  1. Which of the following practices most closely reflects the view that women are inferior to men?

a) Infanticide

b) Birth control

c) The missionary position

d) Hijra

  1. What does the term hijra refer to?

a) A sexual position

b) An aphrodisiac

c) A third gender

d) A form of bondage

  1. At what level of government is sexual health education decided in Canada?

a) Provincial

b) Regional

c) Municipal

d) Federal

  1. In which era did sexual health education first begin in Canada?

a) During World War II

b) During the 1970s

c) During the 1960s

d) During World War I

  1. Which of the following was a finding published in Henry Havelock Ellis’s Studies in the Psychology of Sex?

a) In the Mehinaku culture in Brazil, kissing on the lips does not occur.

b) It is our version of sex that is “normal.”

c) Sexual behaviour is determined by biology.

d) If left to their own desires, humans would develop a range of sexual expressions which should be considered “normal.”

  1. Prior to the nineteenth century, what did physicians to do treat “hysteria” in women?

a) Manually stimulate their patient to orgasm

b) Recommend cocaine use

c) Recommend sexual abstinence

d) Leech the genitals

  1. What medical problem did the advertisers of the first vibrators marketed in the United States promise to solve?

a) Back pain

b) Chest congestion

c) Headaches

d) Hysteria

  1. Which of the following methods did physicians use to treat “hysteria” in women?

a) Electroshock therapy

b) Electric vibrators

c) Manual stimulation of the genitals

d) Both B and C

  1. What was the primary motivation for first introducing sex education into the Canadian public school system?

a) The increased popularity of sex in the media

b) The spread of HIV among men who have sex with men

c) The spread of venereal diseases among Canadian military men

d) A progressive liberal government

  1. In the early 1940s, why did some educators feel that sex education should be introduced to Canadian students?

a) To reduce “venereal disease” transmission

b) To reduce teen pregnancy rates

c) To reduce truancy or “skipping school”

d) To reduce teen suicide rates

  1. Why was it possible to introduce sex education into Canadian schools for the first time in the 1940s?

a) Birth control was readily available for the first time in history.

b) Mothers were participating in the workforce and educators argued that they no longer had time to provide “moral instruction” to their daughters.

c) It was a morally liberal era where sex was not considered taboo; this would change in the 1950s.

d) Boys were off sent off to war very young, where they may have had an increased opportunity for sexual encounters.

  1. What was the focus of the first sex education curriculum in Canada?

a) Educating youth about the reproductive systems in their own bodies

b) Preventing premarital sex

c) Preventing premarital sex and educating youth about reproductive biology

d) Educating youth about the dangers of masturbation

  1. In the 1950s and 1960s, what was the focus of sex education in Canadian public schools?

a) Information about reproduction

b) Relating Anglo-Saxon heterosexual values about marriage and childrearing

c) Information about sexually transmitted infections

d) Information about abstinence

  1. What is one of the most controversial topics in present-day Canadian sex education?

a) Information about condom use and the prevention of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections

b) Information about sexual arousal

c) Information about sexual orientation

d) Information about birth control

  1. Which of the following is likely to result from a higher quality of sex education for teens?

a) A higher rate of teen pregnancy

b) A higher rate of STIs among teens

c) A lower rate of abstinence

d) A lower rate of teen birth and abortion

  1. Which country has the lowest teen birth rate?

a) The United States

b) Sweden

c) Canada

d) Norway

  1. Last week in sex class, John learned that in some parts of the world some people marry their first cousins and in other places engage in same-sex activities as a rite of passage into adulthood. John thought this was disgusting and could not understand why these things would happen. John’s reaction is an example of _____________.

a) introversion

b) conversion therapy

c) ethnocentrism

d) self-efficacy

  1. What was the motivation for stripping the first Canadian sex education curriculum of all physiological information about sex?

a) It was thought by opponents that providing information about sex would increase sexual behaviours.

b) Most youth had adequate knowledge of sexual anatomy from parental guidance.

c) A cure had been found for the most common STIs.

d) Research showed that providing information about sex did in fact increase the rates of STIs among youth.

  1. Which of the following is NOT true of Judaism in regards to sexuality?

a) Foreplay is encouraged.

b) Abortion is permitted, in some circumstances.

c) Divorce is permitted.

d) Masturbation is encouraged.

  1. Though monotheistic religions often vary in many ways, one universal is that they all ___________.

a) view sex outside of marriage as punishable by death

b) attempt only to regulate young women’s sexual behaviours

c) harshly condemn masturbation

d) attempt to control or regulate sexuality in some way

  1. What belief did the “Eve versus Mary” narrative in the Christian tradition substantiate?

a) The belief that sexuality is a necessary part of every good woman

b) The belief that women are ultimately more powerful than men

c) The belief that a sexually corrupt woman can still be morally righteous

d) The belief that women are either Madonnas or whores

  1. According to Jewish tradition, which of the following events is NOT followed by ritual cleansing?

a) Childbirth

b) Menstruation

c) Circumcision

d) Nocturnal emissions

  1. Which form of contraception is permitted in Judaism under certain circumstance?

a) A diaphragm

b) The birth control pill

c) A condom

d) None of these are permitted.

  1. In modern Judaism, what is the primary purpose of sex?

a) To strengthen the bond between man and god

b) To reinforce the marital bond

c) Reproduction

d) To avoid nocturnal emissions

  1. Why was a woman’s choice to remain a virgin a subversive act in early Christianity?

a) She was seen as having valuable biblical knowledge.

b) She was not following the path set out for her in the Bible.

c) She was seen as closer to God than those who engaged in sexual activity.

d) She was seen as claiming control over her own body, rather than submitting to men.

  1. Why is abortion not accepted after 120 days (except in extreme circumstances), according to Islamic law? )

a) 120 is a holy number in Islam.

b) The fetus is ensouled at 120 days.

c) This is approximately the time when the mother will feel the baby start to move in her womb.

d) The Prophet Muhammed was born at 120 days gestation.

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