Test Bank Public Policy A Concise Introduction 1st Edition by Sara R. Rinfret

$35.00
Test Bank Public Policy A Concise Introduction 1st Edition by Sara R. Rinfret

Test Bank Public Policy A Concise Introduction 1st Edition by Sara R. Rinfret

$35.00
Test Bank Public Policy A Concise Introduction 1st Edition by Sara R. Rinfret

Test Bank Public Policy A Concise Introduction 1st Edition by Sara R. Rinfret

Chapter 1: The Foundation

Test Bank

Multiple Choice

  1. A group’s ability to persuade or alter perceptions is referred to as ______.
  2. pluralism
  3. power
  4. lobbying
  5. elitism

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Which of the following concepts posits that we all have equal access to influence policymaking?
  2. Elitism
  3. Pluralism
  4. Capitalism
  5. Federalism

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. The notion that only a select few have the power to influence policymaking in a Democratic society is known as ______.
  2. Capitalism
  3. Federalism
  4. Pluralism
  5. Elitism

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. The separation of power between the national government and the states is referred to as ______.
  2. Elitism
  3. Federalism
  4. Pluralism
  5. Capitalism

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: A Federal System
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Under the system of federalism, the federal government is responsible for all of the following except for ______.
  2. declaring war
  3. coining money
  4. conducting elections
  5. overseeing foreign relations

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Federal System
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of teh following Constitutional Amendments states that anything not specified in the United States Constitution is within the scope of state governments?
  2. First Amendment
  3. Sixth Amendment
  4. Tenth Amendment
  5. Nineteenth Amendment

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Federal System
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Public education standards are created by which of the following government entities ?
  2. Local
  3. State
  4. Tribal
  5. Federal

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Federal System
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following types of public policies involves the allocation of resources to individuals, groups, corporations, or communities?
  2. Regulatory
  3. Redistributive
  4. Distributive
  5. Constituent

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Cateogories of Public Policy
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Financial aid provided to college students is an example of a ______ policy.
  2. redistributive
  3. regulatory
  4. distributive
  5. constituent

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Cateogories of Public Policy
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following types of policies applies restrictions or limitations on behavior of individuals or organizations?
  2. Constituent
  3. Redistributive
  4. Distributive
  5. Regulatory

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Cateogories of Public Policy
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. The first stage of the policymaking process is to ______.
  2. consider the pros and cons of a particular policy and potential solutions
  3. place the problem on the agenda of lawmakers
  4. determine that there is a problem
  5. measure and asses the effectiveness of programs and policies

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Focusing events and policy entrepreneurs that impact the ______ stage of the policymaking process.
  2. formulation
  3. implementatiion
  4. agenda setting
  5. legitimation

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. All of the following were identified as examples of a policy entrepreneur except for ______.
  2. school teacher
  3. governor
  4. congress person
  5. legislative champion

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Assigning a piece of legislation to a Congressional committee takes place in the ______ stage of the policymaking process.
  2. implementation
  3. definition
  4. formulation
  5. legitimation

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. The “doing side” of policy occurs in which of the following stages of the policymaking process?
  2. Implementation
  3. Evaluation
  4. Agenda Setting
  5. Legitimation

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following is considered to be the last stage of the policymaking process?
  2. Agenda setting
  3. Evaluation
  4. Formulation
  5. Legitimation

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following best illustrates the correct order of the policymaking process ?
  2. Problem identification/definition, agenda setting, formulation, legitimation, implementation, evaluation
  3. Agenda setting, problem identification/definition, legitimation, formulation, implementation, evaluation
  4. Implementation, problem identification/definition, agenda setting, formulation, legitimation, evaluation
  5. Formulation, problem identification/definition, agenda setting, implementation, legitimation, evaluation

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following stages incorporates different views in order to determine a viable path for the legislation ?
  2. Implementation
  3. Problem identification
  4. Formulation
  5. Legitimiation

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. All of the following are examples of institutional actors in the policymaking process except for ______.
  2. Congress
  3. Bureaucracy
  4. Judiciarcy
  5. Media

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Motley Crew: Institutional and Non-Institutional Actors
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. All of the following actors have a role in agenda setting except for ______.
  2. the Legislature
  3. the President
  4. the Media
  5. the Bureaucracy

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Motley Crew: Institutional and Non-Institutional Actors
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following actors has a role in all of the stages of the policymaking process?
  2. The Bureaucacy
  3. The Media
  4. The People
  5. The Courts

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Motley Crew: Institutional and Non-Institutional Actors
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. The bureaucracy oversees which of the following stages of the policymaking procress ?
  2. Evaluation
  3. Implementation
  4. Legitimation
  5. Agenda Setting

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Motley Crew: Institutional and Non-Institutional Actors
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. All of the following actors play a role in police formulation except for ______.
  2. The Courts
  3. Congress
  4. The President
  5. Interest Groups

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: A Motley Crew: Institutional and Non-Institutional Actors
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following institutions is not active participate in public policymaking?
  2. The Legislature
  3. The President
  4. The Judiciary
  5. The Bureaucracy

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. The court system in the United States is guided by the all of the following types of law except for ______.
  2. Criminal
  3. Civil
  4. Tribal
  5. Public

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Laws that deal with disputes between individuals or organizations are considered to be ______.
  2. public
  3. civil
  4. criminal
  5. tribal

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following types of laws are responsible for regulation the conduct of individuals ?
  2. Criminal
  3. Civil
  4. Tribal
  5. Public

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. According to the text, the entry point for all federal criminal cases or civil cases is the ______.
  2. District Court
  3. Court of Appeals
  4. Supreme Court
  5. Trial Court

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. According to the text, who are the heavy lifters in the policy making process?
  2. Bureaucrats
  3. Us
  4. Congressmen/women
  5. Presidents

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Implementers
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. All of the following are considered civil servants except for ______.
  2. police officers
  3. wall street bankers
  4. teachers
  5. environmental inspectors

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Implementers
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. A person who is hired by an organization to meet with congressional representatives to persuade them to pass policies to benefit their interests is referred to as a ______.
  2. journalist
  3. beaurcrat
  4. advocate
  5. lobbysist

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: The Media, Interests, and Us
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Individuals who assess the effectiveness of all major laws to ensure they are achieving their intended goals are referred to as ______.
  2. implementors
  3. congressmen/women
  4. designers
  5. evaluators

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. The field of policy analysis is dedicated to which of the following stages of policymaking procress?
  2. Problem identification
  3. Evaluation
  4. Formulation
  5. Legitimation

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. A group of people who live under the same rules and structure of governance is referred to as a ______.
  2. social community
  3. cultural community
  4. beaucratic community
  5. political community

Ans: D

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Why Studying Public Policy Matters
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. The American Medical Association (AMA) is an example of a ______ interest grou.
  2. public interest
  3. ideological
  4. professional association
  5. business

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: The Media, Interests, and Us
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. According to the text, the supporter of a evaluation is generally the person that is _____.
  2. conducting the evaluation
  3. funding the evaluation
  4. reviewing the evaluation
  5. promoting the evaluation

Ans: B

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Which of the following sources was identified in the text as having been evaluated in a value neutral fashion?
  2. The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO)
  3. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
  4. The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)
  5. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Policy evaluations are provided by all of the following except for ______.
  2. think tanks
  3. trade associations
  4. lawmakers
  5. environmental interests

Ans: C

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. According to the text, ______ is also referred to as practice or a rigorous, systematic procress.
  2. Public policy
  3. Pluralism
  4. Lobbying
  5. Government

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policy evaluation requires the ______ of the policy.
  2. deconstruction
  3. formulation
  4. implementation
  5. legitimation

Ans: A

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Policy Analysis
Difficulty Level: Easy

True/False

  1. The understanding of public policy can begin with an individuals personal experiences.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Public Policy and our Everyday Lives
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policy analysts have unlimited resources to acquire data regarding every policy problem in the United States.

Ans: F

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Policy Evaluation
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policy evaluators should always strive for providing evidence-based policy analysis.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Policy Evaluation
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Politics is described as who gets what, when, and how.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Public policy can be a long and complex process that requires a myriad of actors.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policy analysts can come from various backgrounds, such as biology and engineerings.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Policy Evaluation
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. A cultural community is a group of people who live under the same rules and structure of governance.

Ans: F

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Why Studying Public Policy Matters
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policymaking in the United States occurs in only one to two stages.

Ans: F

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Problem or issues can be defined by both the public or lawmakers.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Problem identification and definition are not political.

Ans: F

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policy evaluators are encouraged to use value laden judgements when conducing their evlauations.

Ans: F

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. According to the text, policy does not always occur in a linear fashion.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. The legislative procress is considered to be very complex and ardous.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Bureaucrats should always be considered lazy, incompetent, paper pushers.

Ans: F

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Implementers
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Policy analysts are supposed to conduct value neutral evaluations.

Ans: T

Learning Objective: 1-4, Explore how pubilc policy is profression driven by expertise

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Policy Evaluation
Difficulty Level: Easy

Short Answer

  1. Identify the two types of responses that are used when answering policy questions.

Ans: A strong answer will identify the following:

  • Value neutral: do not incorporate biases
  • Value laden: driven by personal opinion

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Public Policy and our Everyday Lives
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. What is public policy?

Ans: A strong answer will define public policy as government action to solve a public problem.

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. What is elitism?

Ans: A strong answer will define elitism as a concept that suggests that only a select few of individuals have the power to influence policymaking.

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Identify the three reasons as to why its important to understand the study and practice of public policy.

Ans: A strong answer will identify the following:

  • It helps communities address problems
  • It follows a systematic process to provide solutions
  • It is designed and implemented by countless practioners

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking4

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Why Studying Public Policy Matters
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. What is the stafes heuristic approach?

Ans: A strong answer will define the approach as the public policymaking process.

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Knowledfe

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Identify the states of the public policymaking process.

Ans: A strong answer will identify the following:

  • Problem identification and definition
  • Agenda setting
  • Policy formulation
  • Policy legitimation
  • Policy implementation
  • Policy evaluation

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Who is responsible for the implementation of policy in the United States?

Ans: A strong answer will identify administrative agencies.

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Give an example of bureaucratic agency.

Ans: Answers will vary.

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Knowlwege

Answer Location: The Implementors
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Identify the three classifications of media in the United States.

Ans: A strong answer will identify the following:

  • Broadcast
  • Print
  • Internet

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Knowlwege

Answer Location: The Implementors
Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. What is an interest group?

Ans: A strong answer will define interest groups as organized groups of individuals who fight for a cause.

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Knowlwege

Answer Location: The Implementors
Difficulty Level: Easy

Essay

  1. Discuss one to two experiences that have helped you understand public policy. What types of questions would arise from your experiences? Do you believe that they would result in a value neutral or value laden response?

Ans: Answers will vary.

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Application

Answer Location: Public Policy and our Everyday Lives
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. After reading the chapter, you should have an understanding of the concepts of pluralism and elitism and who controls policymaking. Which one of these concepts do you believe best reflects current day society? Why?

Ans: Answers will vary. However, a strong answer will be able to differentiate between the concepts of pluralism and elitism.

Learning Objective: 1-1, Understand how your own personal stories shape our understanding of public policymaking

Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Answer Location: Starting with a Definition
Difficulty Level: Hard

  1. Discuss the public policymaking process. Which of the stages of the process can be driven by value laden perspectives?

Ans: A strong answer will identify the stages of the public policymaking process, in addition to identifying which stages could be influences by biases.

Learning Objective: 1-3, Comprehend that the public policymaking process is devised by a series of stages; more complex than “how a bill becomes a law”

Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Answer Location: The Process
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. Explain the importance of congressional committees in public policymaking.

Ans: A strong answer will disucss the power that congressional committees have on deciding whether a bill moves forward or not.

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Medium

  1. What is a bully pulpit and how can presidents use it to influence public policymaking in the United States? Is this method effective only when presidents are popular? Why or why not?

Ans: A strong answer will define bullypulpit as speeches, radio addresses, videos, etc. In addition, to discussing the use of this tactic in order to gain influence on a particular position/legislation. Popular presidents are more able to gain public support for legislation/positions, than those who have low public approval rations.

Learning Objective: 1-2, Identify the variety of institutional and non-institutional actors who drive how and why policies are adopted

Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Answer Location: The Three Branches of Government
Difficulty Level: Medium

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