Test Bank The Ethical Life, 4th Edition by Russ Shafer-Landau A+

Test Bank The Ethical Life, 4th Edition by Russ Shafer-Landau A+

Test Bank The Ethical Life, 4th Edition by Russ Shafer-Landau A+

Test Bank The Ethical Life, 4th Edition by Russ Shafer-Landau A+
  1. Mill defines happiness as
    1. having a positive attitude toward one’s life.
    2. pleasure and the absence of pain.*
    3. the feeling of tranquility that accompanies philosophical reflection.
    4. the accomplishment of one’s goals and projects.

  1. Mill says that one kind of pleasure is superior to another if the first kind of pleasure
    1. is more intense than the second.
    2. lasts longer than the second.
    3. is preferred to the second by those who have experienced both kinds.*
    4. is more likely than the second to lead to more pleasure in the future.

  1. Mill claims that it is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied because
    1. human beings possess higher faculties than pigs.*
    2. pigs live much shorter lives than humans.
    3. the lives of human beings contain much more variety than those of pigs.
    4. human beings have more freedom than pigs.

  1. According to Mill, first principles
    1. must be rigorously demonstrated before we should accept them.
    2. must be known with certainty if one is to live a happy life.
    3. should be accepted on the basis of tradition.
    4. are incapable of proof.*

  1. Mill claims that the only evidence we can have that something is desirable is that
    1. it is recommended by philosophers.
    2. people actually desire it.*
    3. people have been doing it for a long time.
    4. pursuing it does not treat anyone unfairly.

  1. Some people hold that virtue is desirable for its own sake. Mill would claim virtue is
    1. desirable only as a means to happiness.
    2. not actually desirable; we are merely socially conditioned to believe it is.
    3. sometimes a part of happiness.*
    4. valuable to others but not to the virtuous person.

  1. According to Mill, there is nothing ultimately desired except
    1. happiness.*
    2. virtue.
    3. wisdom.
    4. all of the above

  1. According to Mill, all __________ people desire happiness?
    1. rational
    2. virtuous
    3. vicious
    4. all of the above*

  1. According to Mill,
    1. both happiness and pain are homogeneous.
    2. happiness is homogeneous and pain is heterogeneous.
    3. happiness is heterogeneous and pain is homogeneous.
    4. both happiness and pain are heterogeneous.*

  1. What does Mill mean by “unhappiness”?
    1. having a negative attitude toward one’s life
    2. pain and the privation of pleasure*
    3. the feeling of anxiety that accompanies ignorance
    4. the failure of one’s goals and projects

  1. What is the central principle of morality, according to Mill?
    1. Treat others as you'd like to be treated.
    2. Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness.*
    3. Always do whatever is in your own interest.
    4. An action is right if and only if God commands it.

  1. According to Mill, the desirability of a pleasure is determined by its
    1. quality alone
    2. quantity alone
    3. quality and quantity*
    4. none of the above

  1. According to Mill, what are the liabilities of being a being with “higher faculties”?
    1. More is required to make such a being happy.
    2. Such a being is capable of more acute suffering.
    3. both a and b*
    4. none of the above (There are no liabilities.)

  1. How does Mill explain the fact that some people pursue lower pleasures rather than higher ones?
    1. Such people prefer lower pleasures to higher ones.
    2. Such people are incapable of experiencing higher pleasures.*
    3. Such people are wicked.
    4. There are no such people.

  1. According to Mill, some people desire money for its own sake because
    1. they are irrational.
    2. they are wicked.
    3. the attainment of money is part of happiness.*
    4. There are no such people.

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